1887

Abstract

The lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) of has been predicted to also act as a malate dehydrogenase (MDH), but there has been no experimental validation of this hypothesized dual function for any mollicute. Our analysis of the metabolite profile of using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) and liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) detected malate, suggesting that there may be MDH activity in . To investigate whether the putative -LDH enzyme of has a dual function (MDH and LDH), we performed bioinformatic and functional biochemical analyses. Although the amino acid sequence and predicted structural analysis of -LDH revealed unusual residues within the catalytic site, suggesting that it may have the flexibility to possess a dual function, our biochemical studies using recombinant -LDH did not detect any MDH activity. However, we did show that the enzyme has typical LDH activity that could be inhibited by both MDH substrates oxaloacetate (OAA) and malate, suggesting that these substrates may be able to bind to LDH. Inhibition of the conversion of pyruvate to lactate by OAA may be one method the mycoplasma cell uses to reduce the potential for accumulation of intracellular lactate.

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2018-02-01
2020-01-29
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