Evidence has been obtained for the presence of the small 22 kDa GTP-binding Rho protein in dormant spores of Immunoblotting with a polyclonal antibody against RhoA revealed a soluble and membrane-associated 22 kDa protein. When [P]ADP-ribosylated by C3 exotoxin the protein had a pl of 5·7, a value similar to that reported for other RhoA proteins. The 22 kDa protein was expressed at all stages of growth investigated, but radiolabelling of the [P]ADP-ribosylated protein increased when tube-formation occurred and decreased as the hyphae branched. Localization of RhoA during spore germination studied by immunofluorescence microscopy revealed the presence of RhoA in the cell membrane of the spore. When the spore started to swell, RhoA was observed as patches in the cell membrane which become concentrated in the neck region of the site of the protuberation tube, but this protein was never observed at the point of growth of the hyphal tip. The above results suggest that RhoA associated with one or more membrane proteins could participate in the molecular mechanism involved in maintaining cell integrity during the extrusion of the germ-tube of


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