The biosynthesis of organofluorine compounds by NRRL 8057 was examined using F NMR spectroscopy. The organism produced 12 mM fluoroacetate and 05 mM 4-fluorothreonine as secondary metabolites when cultured for 28 d on a chemically defined medium containing 2 mM fluoride. Cell suspensions from batch cultures harvested at the growth maximum of 4 d were not capable of fluoride uptake or fluorometabolite biosynthesis, but by 6 d had developed an efficient fluoride-uptake system and biosynthesized the two fluorometabolites in almost equal proportions. As the harvest age increased, the proportion of fluoroacetate to 4-fluorothreonine formed by cell suspensions rose progressively so that 16-d-old cells showed a ratio of 7626 for the two compounds. Fluoride uptake and fluorometabolite production by cell suspensions were highly dependent on pH, with both processes showing a maximum rate at pH 60 but declining rapidly at higher pH values. This decrease was particularly marked in the case of fluoroacetate biosynthesis which was barely detectable at pH 75. Fluoroacetate and 4-fluorothreonine showed only low levels of interconversion by cell suspensions, suggesting that the carbon skeleton of neither was derived by metabolism of the other. The limited interconversion observed is explicable in terms of a small degree of biological defluorination occurring with each compound, followed by reincorporation of the resulting fluoride ion into the organic form by the active fluorinating system, a phenomenon also noted on incubation of cell suspensions with a number of other fluorinated biochemical intermediates. Cell suspensions were supplemented with a variety of amino acids and tricarboxylic acid cycle intermediates to determine the identity of the carbon substrate of the fluorinating system. No compound tested significantly increased the total amount of fluorometabolites formed or altered their relative proportions. However, in studies with -labelled precursors, the highest level of incorporation into fluoroacetate by cell suspensions was recorded with [U-C]glycolate, suggesting that this compound or an activated derivative may be the substrate for the fluorinating system in the biosynthesis of fluoroacetate.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error