, a gastrointestinal pathogen of humans, was shown to exhibit a significant adaptive acid tolerance response (ATR) capable of protecting cells from severe acid at a pH of 3.5. The ATR was induced by exposure to a relatively mild pH level of 5.0 for 20 min. Adaptation required protein synthesis since treatment with chloramphenicol during adaptation to pH 5.0 prevented the development of acid tolerance. The adaptation to acid environment was found to be a non-transient phenomenon. Also, iron was not required for acid adaptation in Two-dimensional protein analyses revealed an increased production of 28 proteins and decreased synthesis of 10 following pH shifts from 7.2 to 5.0. The mild pH treatment must act as a signal to to adapt and survive in acid environments by producing ‘protective’ proteins. The adaptation and survival of this pathogen in low pH may provide valuable information about its ability to withstand acid environments in nature and in the human gastrointestinal tract.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error