1887

Abstract

SUMMARY: sp. grew in acidic media (pH 2·0 to 0·3) saturated with copper sulphate (approx. 1 M) but was sensitive to low concentrations of copper (4 × 10 M) near neutrality. Eleven other fungi differed in that they tolerated relatively high concentrations of copper near neutrality; nine tolerated high concentrations from pH 3·0 to 7·0, and six tolerated 4 × 10 M-copper sulphate at pH 2·0 to 7·0. Oxine was more toxic to sp. at neutrality than it was at an acid pH and in the presence of relatively large amounts of copper. EDTA had no appreciable effect on toxicity of copper. The fungus was relatively tolerant to chlorides of iron, cobalt and chromium at both neutral and acid pH.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-78-2-217
1973-10-01
2021-08-04
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/micro/78/2/mic-78-2-217.html?itemId=/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-78-2-217&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Albert A. 1958; Metal-binding agents in chemotherapy: the activation of metals by chelation. In Symposium of the Society of General Microbiology 8:112–138
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Albert A. 1968 Selective Toxicity and Related Topics p 331 London: Methuen;
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Albert A., Gibson M. I., Rubbo S. D. 1953; The influence of chemical constitution on antibacterial activity. 6. The bactericidal action of 8-hydroxyquinoline (oxine).. British Journal of Experimental Pathology 34:119–130
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Albert A., Hampton A., Selbie F. R., Simon R. D. 1954; The influence of chemical constitution on antibacterial activity. 7. The site of action of 8-hydroxyquinoline (oxine).. British Journal of Experimental Pathology 35:75–84
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Ashida J. 1965; Adaptation of fungi to metal toxicants.. Annual Review of Phytopathology 3:153–174
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Bedford C. L. 1936; Morphological and physiological studies upon a Penicillium sp. tolerant to copper sulfate.. Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene (Abteilung II) 94:102–112
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Block S. S. 1955; Fungitoxicity of the 8-quinolinols.. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 3:229–234
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Booth G. H., Mercer S. J. 1963; Resistance to copper of some oxidizing and reducing bacteria.. Nature, London 199:622
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Brooks B. T. 1914; Note on antiseptics.. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry 6:958–959
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Bryner L. C., Beck J. V., Davis B. D., Wilson D. G. 1954; Micro-organisms in leaching sulfide minerals.. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry 46:2587–2592
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Ellis M. B. 1971 Dematiaceous Hyphomycetes p 28 Kew, Surrey: Commonwealth Mycological Institute;
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Fleck H. R., Ward A. M. 1933; The determination of metals by means of 8-hydroxyquinoline.. Analyst 58:388–395
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Horsfall J. G. 1956 Principles of Fungicidal Action Waltham, Massachusetts: Chronica Botanica;
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Hubert B. 1938; Copper tolerance of Penicillium Waksmani Zaleski.. Biologisch Jaarboek. Koninklijk Natuurwetenschappelijk Genootschap Dodonaea te Gent 5:326–329
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Irving H., Williams R. J. P. 1948; Order of stability of metal complexes.. Nature, London 162:746–747
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Jurkowska H. 1952; The adaptation of Aspergillus niger to copper.. Acta microbiologica polonica 1:107–122
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Kuznetsov S. I., Ivanov M. V., Lyalikova N. N. 1963 Introduction to Geological Microbiology New York: McGraw-Hill.;
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Marchlewitz G., Hasche D., Schwarz W. 1961; Untersuchungen über das Verhalten von Thiobak-terien gegenüber Schwermetallen.. Zeitschrift für allgemeine Mikrobiologie, Morphologie, Physiologie und Oekologie der Mikro-organismen 1:179–181
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Martell A. E., Calvin M. 1952 Chemistry of the Metal Chelate Compounds New York: Prentice-Hall;
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Mason C. L. 1948; A study of the fungicidal action of 8-quinolinol and some of its derivatives.. Phytopathology 38:740–751
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Nordbring-Hertz B. 1955; Studies on growth and inhibition of Pseudomonas aeruginosa.. Physiologia plantarum 8:691–717
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Pulst C. 1902; Die Widerstandsfähigkeit einiger Schimmelpilze gegen Metallgifte.. Jahrbuch für wissen-schaftliche Botanik 37:205–263
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Sato T. 1939; Studies upon the molds growing in high concentrations of sulfuric acid and copper sulfate.. Journal of the Agricultural Chemical Society of Japan 15:359–369
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Scott I. T. 1929; Hydrogen-ion equilibrium on mycelium mats of Fusarium lycopersici in salt solutions and its relation to growth and toxicity.. American Journal of Botany 16:631–643
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Somers E. 1963; The uptake of copper by fungal cells.. Annals of Applied Biology 51:425–437
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Somers E. 1966; The site of reaction of fungicides in spores. In The Fungus Spore pp 299–306 Edited by Madelin M. F. London: Butterworths.;
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Starkey R. L., Waksman S. A. 1943; Fungi tolerant to extreme acidity and high concentrations of copper sulfate.. Journal of Bacteriology 45:509–519
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Sutton J. A., Corrick J. D. 1963; Leaching of copper minerals by means of bacteria.. Mining Engineering 15:37–40
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Trabut M. L. 1895; Sur un Penicillium végétant dans des solutions concentrées de sulfate de cuivre.. Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France 42:33–34 (See Annual Review of Phytopathology, 1965 3 153–174
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Vicklund R. E., Manowitz M., Bagdon V. J. 1954; Mechanism of action of copper 8-quinolinolate.. Mycologia 46:133–142
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Villedieu G., Villedieu G. 1920; De la non-toxicité du cuivre pour les moisissures en général et pour le mildiou en particulier.. Comptes rendus hebdomadaire des seances de l’Academie des sciences 171:737–739
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Zentmyer G. A. 1944; Inhibition of metal catalysis as a fungistatic mechanism.. Science, New York 100:294–295
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-78-2-217
Loading
/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-78-2-217
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error