1887

Abstract

SUMMARY AND INTRODUCTION

Although bacteria are visible in Gram-stained smears of rumen entodinomorphid protozoa, no successful attempts to culture these bacteria have been reported. Gutierrez & Davis (1959), using oligotrich protozoa from the calf rumen, cultured 3 to 10 per protozoon, after disruption by crushing between glass slides. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the viable bacterial flora of which had originated from the sheep rumen, and had been maintained under constant conditions for over 6 years (Coleman, 1958, 1960). Part of the work has been reported previously (White, 1966).

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-56-3-403
1969-06-01
2021-08-01
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/micro/56/3/mic-56-3-403.html?itemId=/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-56-3-403&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Barker H. A., Haas V. 1944; Butyribacterium, a new genus of Gram-positive, non-sporulating, anaerobic bacteria of intestinal origin. J. Bact 47:301
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology 1948, 6. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins Co;
  3. Bryant M. P. 1959; Bacterial species of the rumen. Bact. Rev 23:125
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Bryant M. P., Robinson I. M. 1961; An improved non-selective culture medium for ruminal bacteria. J. Dairy Sci 44:1446
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Carrel A. 1923; A method for the physiological study of tissues in vitro . J. exp. med 38:407
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Coleman G. S. 1958; Maintenance of oligotrich protozoa from the sheep rumen in vitro . Nature, Lond 182:1104
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Coleman G. S. 1960; The cultivation of sheep rumen oligotrich protozoa in vitro . J. gen. Microbiol 22:565
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Coleman G. S. 1962; The preparation and survival of almost bacteria free suspensions of Ento-dinium caudatum . J. gen. Microbiol 28:271
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Coleman G. S. 1964; Metabolism of Escherichia coli and other bacteria by Entodinium caudatum . J. gen. Microbiol 37:209
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Coleman G. S., Hall F. J. 1966; The digestion of bacteria by the rumen ciliate Entodinium caudatum . J. gen. Microbiol 44:iii
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Cowan S. T., Steele K. J. 1960; A classification of the Klebsiella group. J. gen. Microbiol 23:601
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Cowan S. T., Steele K. J. 1965 Manual for the Identification of Medical Bacteria Microbiology Society;
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Emery E. M., Koerner W. E. 1961; Gas chromatographic determination of trace amounts of the lower fatty acids in water. Analyt. Chem 33:146
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Gutierrez J., Davis R. E. 1959; Bacterial ingestion by the rumen ciliates Entodinium and Diplodinium. J. Protozool 6:222
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Hungate R. E. 1966 The Rumen and its Microbes New York: Academic Press Inc;
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Lancefield R. C. 1933; A serological differentiation of human and other groups of haemolytic streptococci. J. exp. med 57:571
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Margherita S. S., Hungate R. E. 1963; Serological analysis of Butyrivibrio from the bovine rumen. J. Bact 86:855
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Perry K. D., , Newland L. G. M., Briggs C. A. E. 1958; Group D rumen streptococci with type antigens of group N. J. Path. Bact 76:589
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Sundman V., Björksten K. af. 1958; The globular involution forms of the bifid bacteria. J. gen. Microbiol 19:491
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Sundman V., , Björksten K. af., Gyllenberg H. G. 1959; Morphology of the bifid bacteria and some related genera. J. gen. Microbiol 21:371
    [Google Scholar]
  21. White R. W. 1966; Bacterial population of a rumen ciliate Entodinium caudatum cultured in vitro . J. gen. Microbiol 42:xii
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Whitfield E. 1967; Rapid identification of coliform organisms from extra-intestinal infections. J. med. lab. Tech 24:171
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-56-3-403
Loading
/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-56-3-403
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error