1887

Abstract

SUMMARY

Bovine actinomycosis exudate was studied to determine the chemical composition and mineral phase(s) of the so-called ‘sulphur granules’. The major constituents, CaO and PO, accounted for 86–89% of the ashed granules. The granules also contained Na, K, Mg (as oxides) and Cl which added up to 10–14 %. Although the X-ray diffraction patterns indicated only poorly formed apatite; the infrared spectrum could be interpreted as arising from poorly crystallized apatite and/or a partially dehydrated or hydrolysed octacalcium phosphate either or both mixed with anhydrous dicalcium phosphate. The formation of pyrophosphate (44·5 %) in the ignited granules indicated the presence of considerable acid phosphate in the original material.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-46-3-445
1967-03-01
2021-07-27
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/micro/46/3/mic-46-3-445.html?itemId=/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-46-3-445&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. ASTM publication 48-J, X-Ray Powder Data File 1960 Philadelphia: American Society for Testing Materials;
  2. Brown W. E., Smith J. P., Lehr J. R., Frazier A. W. 1962; Crystallographic and chemical reactions between octacalcium phosphate and hydroxyapatite. Nature, Lond 196:1050
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Burnet G. W., Scherp H. W. 1957 Oral Micro-Biology and Infectious Disease Baltimore: The Williams and Wilkins Co;
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Carlström D., Engström A. 1956; Ultrastructure and distribution of mineral salt in bone tissue. The Biochemistry and Physiology of Bone Bourne G. H. 149 New York: Academic Press, Inc;
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Dallemagne M. J. 1964; Phosphate and carbonate in bone and teeth. Proc. 1st European Bone and Tooth Symposium Blackwood H. J. J. Oxford: Pergamon;
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Erikson D. 1940; Pathogenic anerobic organisms of the Actinomyces group. Spec. Rep. Ser. med. Res. Coun., Lond. no. 240
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Fowler B. O., Moreno E. C., Brown W. E. 1966; Infra-red spectra of hydroxyapatite, octacalcium phosphate and pyrolysed octacalcium phosphate. Arch. Ora. Biol 11:477
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Francois P., Herman H. 1961; Le compose mineral fondamental des tissus calcines. II. Les sels osseux contiennent un phosphate de calcium different de l’hydroxylapatite. Bull. Soc. Chim. Biol 43:643
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Frazier P. D., Zipkin I., Mills L. F. 1967; X-ray diffraction study of human bone; direct methods of estimating changes in line broadening. Arch. Oral Biol 12:73
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Gee A., Deitz V. R. 1955; Pyrophosphate formation upon ignition of precipitated basic calcium phosphates. J. Am. chem. Soc 77:2961
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Herman H., Dallemagne M. J. 1961; The main mineral constituent of bone and teeth. Arch. Oral Biol 5:137
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Herman H., Francois P., Fabry C. 1961; Le composé minéral fondamental des tissus calcifiés. I. Présence de groupements acides dans le réseau apatitique des phosphates de calcium synthétiques. Bull. Soc. Chem 43:629
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Hill W. L., Faust G. T., Reynolds D. S. 1944; The binary system P2O5-2CaO. P2O5 . Am. J. Sci 242:457
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Howell A., Jun, III Murphy W. C., Paul F., Stephan R. M. 1959; Oral strains of Actino- myces. J. Bact 78:82
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Kühl G., Nebergall W. H. 1963; Hydrogenphosphat- und Carbonatapatite. Z. anorg. Chem 324:313
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Pine L., Overman J. R. 1963; Determination of the structure and composition of the ‘sulphur granules’ of Actinomyces bovis . J. gen. Microbiol 32:209
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Pine L., Howell A., Jun, Watson S. J. 1960; Studies of the morphological, physiological and biochemical characters of Actinomyces bovis . J. gen. Microbiol 23:403
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Posner A. S., Eanes E. D., Harper R. A., Zipkin I. 1963; X-ray diffraction analysis of the effect of fluoride on human bone apatite. Arch, oral Biol 8:549
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Rizzo A. A., Scott D. B., Bladen H. A. 1963; Calcification of oral bacteria. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci 109:14
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Rizzo A. A., Martin G. R., Scott D. B., Mergenhagen S. E. 1962; Mineralization of bacteria. Science 135:439
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Rowles S. L. 1964Tooth Enamel, Proceedings of An International Symposium on the Composition, Properties and Fundamental Structure of Tooth Enamel Stack M. J., and Fearnhead R. W. Bristol: John Wright and Sons, Ltd;
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Thomas R. S. 1964; Ultrastructural localization of mineral matter in bacterial spores by micro-incineration. J. Cell Biol 23:113
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Thompson L. 1950; Isolation and comparison of Actinomyces from human and bovine infections. Proc. Mayo Clin 2581
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Thompson L., Lovestedt S. A. 1951; An actinomyces-like organism obtained from the human mouth. Proc. Mayo Clin 26169
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Trautz O. R., Fessenden E., Newton M. G. 1954; Magnesium whitlockite in ashed dental tissue—an identification by X-ray diffraction. J. dent. Res 33:687
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Winand L. 1961; Étude physico-chimique du phosphate tricalcique hydraté et de l’hydroxyla- patite. Ann. Chim 6:941
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Wright J. H. 1905; The biology of the microorganisms of actinomycosis. J. med. Res 13:349
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-46-3-445
Loading
/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-46-3-445
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error