1887

Abstract

SUMMARY: An Adansonian classification of mycobacteria has been done by using 94 characters. Fifty-nine strains of slowly growing mycobacteria were classified into five groups: (1) and M. (2) ; (3) , 16 strains of non-photochromogens from human sources, 6 strains of non-photochromogenic mycobacteria from soil sources, and scotochromogens from human sources (); (4) 2 strains of non-photochromogens from human sources; (5) 1 strain of non-photo-chromogen from human source.

The third group seemed to consist of three subgroups: (3, i) non-chromogens from soil sources; (3, ii) and some non-photochromogens, which were inseparable from ; (3, iii) some non-photochromogens from human sources resembling (but separable from it) and scotochromogens from human sources.

Slowly growing non-photochromogenic mycobacteria from soil sources (subgroup 3, i) were considered to form a new species, . A description of this species is given.

Seventy-eight strains of rapidly growing mycobacteria were classified into seven groups: (6) 6 strains of miscellaneous species, and ; (7) (sp.nov.); (8) ; (9) (sp.nov.); (10) and group IV rapid growers; (11) ; (12) . These groups seemed to form independent species. is a new species capable of growing at 52. is a new species consisting of rapidly growing scoto-chromogenic mycobacteria with urease, nicotinamidase and pyrazina-midase and some strains also with acetamidase and allantoinase.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-45-2-253
1966-11-01
2022-01-18
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/micro/45/2/mic-45-2-253.html?itemId=/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-45-2-253&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Bennett C. A., Franklin N. L. 1956 Statistical Analysis in Chemistry and the Chemical Industry London: Chapman and Hall.;
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Bojalil L. F., n J. 1960; A comparative study of non-photochromogenie mycobacteria and Mycobacterium avium.. Am. Rev. resp. Dis 81:382
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bojalil L. F., n J. 1961; Taxonomic analysis of nonpigmented, rapidly growing mycobacteria.. J. Bact 81:338
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Bojalil L. F., n J., Trujillo A. 1962; Adansonian classification of mycobacteria.. J. gen. Microbiol 28:333
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Bönicke R. 1962; L’identification des mycobactéries a l’aide de méthodes biochimiques.. Bull. Un. int. Tuberc 32:13
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Cerbón J., Bojalil L. F. 1961; Physiological relationships of rapidly growing mycobacteria.. J. gen. Microbiol 25:7
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Cerbón J., Trujillo A. 1963; A comparison of methods for the classification of mycobacteria. Utilization of carbon sources and deamidase tests.. Am. Rev. resp. Dis 88:546
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Durr F. E., Smith D. W., Altman D. P. 1959; A comparison of the virulence of various known and atypical mycobacteria for chickens, guinea pigs, hamsters, and mice.. Am. Rev. resp. Dis 80:876
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Hibino S. 1964; Clinical observations on the atypical mycobacterial infections in Japan.. Nihon-Iji-Shimpo No. 2086 29 (in Japanese)
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Konno K. 1956; New chemical method to differentiate human-type tubercle bacilli from other mycobacteria.. Science N.Y. 124:985
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Konno K. 1963; Differentiation of atypical mycobacteria from tubercle bacilli.. Kyubu-Shikkan (in Japanese) 7:525
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Kubica G. P., Beam E. 1961; The arylsulfatase activity of acid-fast bacilli. II. The differentiation of Mycobacterium avium from the unclassified group III nonphotochromogenic mycobacteria.. Am. Rev. resp. Dis 83:733
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Kubica G. P., Vestal A. L. 1961; The arylsulfatase activity of acid-fast bacilli. I. Investigation of activity of stock cultures of acid-fast bacilli.. Am. Rev. resp. Dis 83:728
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Mackie & McCartney’s Handbook of Bacteriology 1960 10th ed. Ed. by Cruick-shank R. Edinburgh and London: E. & S. Livingstone.;
  15. McMillen S., Kushner D. S. 1959; Mycobacterium marinum Aronson (1926).. Bact. Proc31
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Meissner G. 1960; Atypische Mycobakterien. III. Mitteilung. Aviäre und aviumähnliche Stämme.. Zentbl. Bakt. (1. Orig.) 180:510
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Murohashi T., Tokunaga Y., Mizuguchi Y., Maruyama Y. 1963; Phage typing of slow-growing mycobacteria.. Am. Rev. resp. Dis 88:664
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Palmer C. E., Edwards L. B., Hopwood L., Edwards P. Q. 1959; Experimental and epidemiological basis for interpretation of tuberculin sensitivity.. J. Pediat 55:413
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Runyon E. H. 1955; Veterans Administration-National Tuberculosis Association Cooperative Study of Mycobacteria.. Am. Rev. resp. Dis 72:866
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Smith D. T., Johnstone W. W. 1964; Single and multiple infections with typical and atypical mycobacteria.. Am. Rev. resp. Dis 90:899
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Sneath P. H. A. 1957a; Some thoughts on bacterial classification.. J. gen. Microbiol 17:184
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Sneath P. H. A. 1957b; The application of computers to taxonomy.. J. gen. Microbiol 17:201
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Takeya K., Zinnaka Y., Yamaura K., Toda T. 1960; Bacteriophage susceptibility and tuberculin specificity of unclassified mycobacteria.. Am. Rev. resp. Dis 81:674
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Tarshis M. S. 1964; A PAS medium as an aid in differentiating human and bovine tubercle bacilli and Myco. fortuitum from other mycobacteria.. Tubercle 45:267
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Tiranarayanan M. O., Vischer W. A. 1957; Relationship of isoniazid to the metabolism of mycobacteria, catalase and peroxidase.. Am. Rev. Tuberc 75:62
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Tsukamura M. 1961; Formation of a red color product from PAS by certain mycobacteria.. Jap. J. Tuberc 9:70
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Tsukamura M. 1965a; Salicylate degradation test for differentiation of Mycobacterium fortuitum from other mycobacteria.. J. gen. Microbiol 41:309
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Tsukamura M. 19656; Differentiation of mycobacteria by susceptibility to hydroxy-lamine and 8-azaguanine.. J. Bact 90:556
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Tsukamura M. 1965c; Differentiation of mycobacteria by picric acid tolerance.. Am. Rev. resp. Dis 92:491
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Tsukamura M. 1965d; Differentiation of mycobacteria by utilization of nitrogen compounds for growth.. Rep. Conf. Taxon. Bad. Brno369
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Tsukamura M. 1966; Mycobacterium parafortuitum; a new species.. J. gen. Microbiol 42:7
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Tsukamura M., Toyama H., Mizuno S. 1964; Classification of Mycobacterium sp. ‘Jucho’ and ‘Takeo’.. Jap. J. Bact. (in Japanese) 19:469
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Tsukamura M., Tsukamura J. 1965; Differentiation of mycobacteria by utilization of nitrite as sole nitrogen source.. J. Bact 89:1442
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Urabe K., Saito H., Tasaka H., Matsubayashi A. 1965; Acid phosphatase activity of mycobacteria. An aid in the differentiation of Mycobacterium avium from nonphotochromogenic acid-fast bacilli.. Am. Rev. resp. Dis 91:279
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Wayne L. G. 1961; Recognition of Mycobacterium fortuitum by means of a three-day phenolphthalein sulfatase test.. Am. J. clin. Path 36:185
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-45-2-253
Loading
/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-45-2-253
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error