1887

Abstract

SUMMARY: One hundred and seventeen strains of lactic acid bacteria from the rumen, representing four species of lactobacilli and four of streptococci, were examined for their requirements for vitamins. Of the lactobacilli only (7 strains) was homogeneous in respect of its vitamin requirements. Within each of the other three species, strains differed in their requirements for individual vitamins, but on the whole the patterns of requirement were distinctive, and could be correlated with other specific characters. The vitamin requirements of three of the species (. and were broadly similar to those reported in a variety of non-rumen strains. Most of the rumen strains of required vitamin B and riboflavin, in addition to the requirement for nicotinic acid, thiamine and pantothenic acid variously reported as typical of the species. and had distinctive patterns of vitamin requirements as did the unclassified group. The remaining species, had no requirement for exogenous vitamins under the anaerobic test conditions used. Under conditions of aerobic culture, however, strains of this species were found to require one or more vitamins for growth.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-18-1-273
1958-02-01
2022-01-21
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/micro/18/1/mic-18-1-273.html?itemId=/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-18-1-273&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Anderson A. W., Elliker P. R. 1953; The nutritional requirements of lactic streptococci isolated from starter cultures. I. Growth in a synthetic medium. J. Dairy Sci 36:161
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Fewins B. G., Newland L. G. M., Briggs C. A. E. 1957; The normal intestinal flora of the pig. III. Qualitative studies of lactobacilli and streptococci. J. appl. Bact 20:234
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Fred E. B., Peterson W. H., Anderson J. A. 1921; The characteristics of certain pentose-destroying bacteria, especially as concerns their action on arabinose and xylose. J. biol. Chem 48:385
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Hirsch A., Grinsted E. 1954; Media for the growth and enumeration of anaerobic spore formers from cheese with observations on the effect of nisin. J. Dairy Res 21:101
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Jensen R. G., Smith K. L., Edmondson J. W., Merilan C. P. 1956; The characteristics of some rumen lactobacilli. J. Bact 72:253
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Kitay E., Snell E. E. 1950; Some additional nutritional requirements of certain lactic acid bacteria. J. Bact 60:49
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Lake D. E., Deibel R. H., Niven C. F. 1957; The identity of Streptococcus faecium . Paper presented at the ameeting of the Society of American Bacteriologists, Detroit, Michigan.: 29 April 1957
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Nevin T. A. 1954; The vitamin requirements of certain alpha-hemolytic streptococci isolated from the human mouth. J. Bact 67:217
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Niven C. F., Sherman J. M. 1944; Nutrition of the enterococci. J. Bact 47:335
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Niven C. F., Washburn M. R., White J. C. 1948; Nutrition of Streptococcus bovis . J. Bact 55:601
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Perry K. D., Briggs C. A. E. 1957; The normal flora of the bovine rumen. IV. Qualitative studies of lactobacilli from cows and calves. J. appl. Bact 20:119
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Perry K. D., Wilson M. K., Newland L. G. M., Briggs C. A. E. 1955; The normal flora of the bovine rumen. III. Quantitative and qualitative studies of rumen streptococci. J. appl. Bact 18:436
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Rogosa M., Wiseman R. F., Mitchell J. A., Disraely M. N., Beaman A. J. 1953; Species differentiation of oral lactobacilli from man including descriptions of Lactobacillus salivarius nov.spec.and Lactobacillus cellobiosus nov.spec. J. Bact 65:681
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Russell C., Bhandari R. R., Walker T. K. 1954; Vitamin requirements of thirty-four lactic acid bacteria associated with brewery products. J. gen. Microbiol 10:371
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Shankman S., Camien M. N., Block H., Merrieield R. B., Dunn M. S. 1947; Vitamin requirements of 23 lactic acid bacteria. J. biol. Chem 168:23
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Sharpe M. E., Wheater D. M. 1957 Lactobacillus helveticus. J. gen. Microbiol 16:676
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Snell E. E. 1945; The nutritional requirements of the lactic acid bacteria and their application to biochemical research. J. Bact 50:373
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Snell E. E. 1948; Nutritional requirements of the lactic acid bacteria. Wallerstein Lab. Commun 11:81
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-18-1-273
Loading
/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-18-1-273
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error