1887

Abstract

Low concentrations (41 μ) of Hinosan (Edifenphos) inhibited hyphal extension and decreased the hyphal growth unit length and phosphatidylcholine content of A3/5, but had no effect on specific growth rate. Thus, at low concentrations, Hinosan acted as a paramorphogen, increasing hyphal branching, but not inhibiting growth. The colony radial growth rate and specific growth rate of were significantly decreased at Hinosan concentrations of 82 μ and 492 μ, respectively.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-136-6-979
1990-06-01
2021-09-24
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/micro/136/6/mic-136-6-979.html?itemId=/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-136-6-979&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Akatsuka T., Kodama O., Yameda H. 1977; A novel mode of action of kitazin P in Pyricularia oryzae. Agricultural and Biological Chemistry 41:2111–2112
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Angus W.W., Lester R.L. 1972; Turnover of inositol and phosphorus containing lipids in Saccharomyces cerevisiae; extracellular accumulation of glycerophosphatidylinositol derived from phos-phatidylinositol. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 151:483–495
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bremer J., Greenberg D.M. 1961; Methyl transferring enzyme system of microsomes in the biosynthesis of lecithin (phosphatidylcholine). Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 46:205–216
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Brillinger G.U. 1979; Metabolic products of microorganisms. 181. Chitin synthase from fungi, a test model for substances with insecticidal properties. Archives of Microbiology 121:71–74
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Chin J., Bloch K. 1988; Phosphatidylcholine synthesis in yeast. Journal of Lipid Research 29:9–14
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Craig G.D., Peberdy J.F. 1983a; The mode of action of S-benzyl O,O-di-isopropyl phosphorothioate and dichloran on Aspergillus nidulans. Pesticide Science 14:17–24
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Craig G.D., Peberdy J.F. 1983b; The effect of 5-benzyl 0, 0-di-lsopropylphosphorothioate (IBP) and dichloran on the total lipid, sterol and phospholipids in Aspergillus nidulans. FEMS Microbiology Letters 18:11–14
    [Google Scholar]
  8. De Waard M.A. 1974 Mechanisms of action of the organophosphorus fungicide Pyrazophos. PhD thesis. H. Veenman & Zonen, B; Mededelingen Landbouwhoges-chool Wageningen Wageningen::
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Dickman M.B., Paul S.S., Kolattudy P.E. 1983; Effects of organophosphorus pesticides on cutinase activity and infection of papayas by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. Phytopathology 73:1209–1214
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Dittmer J.C., Lester R.L. 1964; A simple specific spray reagent for the detection of phospholipids on thin-layer chromatograms. Journal of Lipid Research 5:126–127
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Duran A., Cabib E. 1978; Solubilization and partial purification of yeast chitin synthetase. Journal of Biological Chemistry 253:4419–4425
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Humphreys A.M., Gooday G.W. 1984; Phospholipid requirement of microsomal chitinase from Mucor mucedo. Current Microbiology 11:187–190
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Kennedy E.P., Weiss S.B. 1956; The function of cytidine coenzymes in the biosynthesis of phospholipids. Journal of Biological Chemistry 222:193–214
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Kodama O., Yamada H., Akatsuka J. 1979; Kitazin P, inhibitor of phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis in Pyricularia oryzae. Agricultural and Biological Chemistry 43:1719–1725
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Kodama O., Yamashita K., Akatsuka J. 1980; Edifenphos, inhibitor of phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis, in Pyricularia oryzae. Agricultural and Biological Chemistry 44:1015–1021
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Lee A.G. 1987; Interactions of lipids and proteins: some general principals. Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes 19:581–603
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Leighton T., Marks E., Leighton F. 1981; Pesticides: insecticides and fungicides are chitin synthesis inhibitors. Science 213:905–907
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Lenaz G. 1987; Lipid fluidity and membrane protein dynamics. Bioscience Reports 7:823–837
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Maeda T., Abe H., Kakiki K., Misato T. 1970; Studies on the mode of action of organophosphorus fungicide, Kitazin. Part II. Accumulation of an amino sugar derivative from kitazin-treated mycelia of Pyricularia oryzae. Agricultural and Biological Chemistry 34:700–709
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Montgomery G.W.G., Gooday G.W. 1985; Phospholipid-enzyme interactions of chitin synthase of Coprinus cinereus. FEMS Microbiology Letters 27:29–33
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Robson G.D., Kuhn P.L., Trinci A.P.J. 1989; Effect of validamycin A on the inositol content and branching of Rhizoctonia cerealis and other fungi. Journal of General Microbiology 135:739–750
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Ross D.C., Brady U.E. 1985; Organophosphate pesticides and DMSO affect mycelial growth and phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis in an entomopathic fungus. Journal of Entomological Science 20:287–293
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Rouser G., Fleischer S., Yamamoto A. 1970; Two dimensional thin layer chromatographic separation of polar lipids and determination of phospholipids by phosphorus analysis of spots. Lipids 5:494–496
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Scarborough G.A., Nyc J.F. 1967; Methylation of ethanol-amine phosphatides by microsomes from normal and mutant strains of Neurospora crassa. Journal of Biological Chemistry 242:238–242
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Scheinpflug H., Jung H.F. 1968; Organophosphates for the control of fungal diseases of crops. Pflanzenschutz-Nachrichten 21:79–91
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Steele G.C., Trinci A.P.J. 1975; Morphology and growth kinetics of differentiated and undifferentiated mycelia of Neurospora crassa. Journal of General Microbiology 91:362–368
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Sisler H.D. 1986; Control of fungal diseases by compounds acting as antipenetrants. Crop Protection 5:306–313
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Tatum E.L., Barrat R.W., Cutter V.M. 1949; Chemical induction of colonial paramorphs in Neurospora and Syncephalas-trum. Science 109:509–511
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Trinci A.P.J. 1972; Culture turbidity as a parameter of mould growth. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 58:467–473
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Trinci A.P.J. 1974; A study of the kinetics of hyphal extension and branch initiation of fungal mycelia. Journal of General Microbiology 81:225–236
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Trinci A.P.J. 1984; Regulation of hyphal branching and hyphal orientation. In Ecology and Physiology of the Fungal Mycelium (Eighth Symposium of the British Mycological Society) pp. 23–52 Jennings D.H., Rayner A. D.M. Edited by Cambridge: Cambridge University Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Trinci A.P.J., Collinge A.J. 1973; Influence of L-sorbose on growth and morphology of Neurospora crassa. Journal of General Microbiology 78:179–192
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Vermuelen C.A., Wessels J.G.H. 1983; Evidence for a phospholipid requirement of chitin synthase in Schizophyllum commune. Current Microbiology 8:67–71
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Vogel H.J. 1956; A convenient growth medium for Neurospora (Medium N). Microbial Genetics Bulletin 13:42–44
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Wiebe M.G., Robson G.D., Trinci A.P.J. 1989; Effect of choline on the morphology, growth and phospholipid composition of Fusarium graminearum. Journal of General Microbiology 135:2155–2162
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Wilson A.C., Barran L.R. 1983; Effect of temperature on phosphatidylcholine synthesis by hyphae of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp.lycopersici. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 80:113–116
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Yoshida M., Moriya S., Uesugi Y. 1984; Observations of transmethylation from methionine into choline in the intact mycelia of Pyricularia oryzae by 13C NMR under the influence of fungicides. Journal of Pesticide Science 9:703–708
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-136-6-979
Loading
/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-136-6-979
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error