The temporal sequence of cytosolic protein expression during phase transition of was examined. Electrophoretic analysis of cytosol proteins by one-dimensional SDS-PAGE revealed numerous differences between the mycelial and yeast forms as well as alterations induced by 17β-oestradiol. Using either protein staining or fluorography of [S]methionine-labelled proteins 30 phase-specific bands were detected, 12 mycelial-associated bands (range 30 to 140 kDa) and 18 yeast-associated bands (range 22 to 127 kDa). In cells undergoing mycelial to yeast transition after a shift from 25°C to 37°C, the protein patterns showed a temporal progression toward the yeast profile with the accumulation of yeast bands prior to observable morphogenesis. Five novel protein bands (range 23 to 50 kDa) were detected by silver staining during transition. Treatment of temperature-shifted mycelial cultures with 2·6 x 10 M-oestradiol altered observed profiles; 4 of 12 mycelial-associated bands were maintained whereas the appearance of the 5 novel transition bands and 9 of 18 yeast-associated bands was blocked or delayed. Analysis of [S]methionine-labelled proteins revealed that oestradiol induced label uptake by mycelial cells, blocked the synthesis of a 92 kDa yeast-specific band 72 h into transition, and diminished label incorporation 120 h into transition. In conjunction with these steroid-induced alterations of protein expression, little or no morphological transformation occurred. These results support our hypothesis that, analogous to mammalian steroid receptor action, the functional responses of to oestradiol are related to regulation of protein expression, presumably mediated via a specific binding proteinligand complex.


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