Summary: Binding-protein-dependent sugar transport has been investigated in and contained two high-affinity glucose-binding proteins (GBP1 and GBP2) that additionally bound -galactose ( 0·26 μM) and -xylose ( 0·04 μM) respectively and were involved in the transport of these sugars. Partial sequencing of GBP1 and GBP2 showed that GBP2 exhibited significant homology with both the arabinose-binding protein (ABP) and the galactose-binding protein (GalBP) from , whereas GBP1 exhibited significant homology only with ABP. Antiserum raised against GBP1 cross-reacted with GBP1 but not with GBP2, and vice versa. Anti-GBP1 and anti-GBP2 also cross-reacted with proteins corresponding to GBP1 and GBP2 respectively in , but little or no cross-reaction was observed with selected members of the Enterobacteriaceae, Rhizobiaceae and Pseudomonadaceae families grown under glucose limitation. GBP1 was less strongly repressed than GBP2 following batch growth of on various carbon sources. The growth of for more than approximately 10 generations in continuous culture under galactose or xylose limitation ( 0·045 h) led to the emergence of new strains which exhibited increased rates of glucose/galactose or glucose/xylose uptake, and which respectively hyper-produced GBP1 (strain AR18a) or GBP2 (strain AR9a). Similarly, growth of for more than approximately 15 generations under glucose or galactose limitation produced new strains which exhibited increased rates of glucose/xylose or glucose/galactose uptake and which respectively hyperproduced proteins analogous to GBP2 (strain AT9) or GBP1 (strain AT18a). It is concluded that growth of species under carbon-limited conditions leads to the predictable emergence of new strains which specifically hyperproduce the transport system for the limiting nutrient. The GBPl-dependent system of is unique amongst these transport systems in that the mutations that lead to its hyperproduction under carbon limitation render it least susceptible to repression by excess glucose during ammonia limitation, with the result that succinoglucan exopolysaccharide is produced from glucose at an enhanced rate.


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