SUMMARY: In previous work it had been shown that wild-type strain NCIB 8250 had only an L-mandelate deydrogenase but it could give rise to mutants that contained an evolved D-mandelate dehydrogenase; conversely, wild-type strain EBF 65/65 had only a D-mandelate dehydrogenase but gave rise to mutants that possessed an evolved L-mandelate dehydrogenase. Several other wild-type strains of have now been shown to grow on both enantiomers of mandelate. In every case the L-mandelate dehydrogenases were found to be much more heat-stable and insensitive to inhibition by -chloromercuribenzoate than were the D-mandelate dehydrogenases when measured in bacterial extracts. All the D-mandelate dehydrogenases in the wild-type strains were inactivated to about the same extent by an antiserum that had been raised in a rabbit against an evolved D-mandelate dehydrogenase. An evolved D-mandelate deydrogenase (from a mutant strain derived from strain NCIB 8250) and an original D-mandelate dehydrogenase (from a mutant strain derived from strain EBF 65/65) were purified to homogeneity by the same procedure and were indistinguishable as judged by immunological cross-reactivity of the native and the sodium-dodecyl-sulphate-denatured enzymes, solubility in cholate, net charge at pH 7.5, pI value, salting-out properties, value, apparent value for D-mandelate, heat-stability and sensitivity to -chloromercuribenzoate. The most likely explanation for the appearance of evolved mandelate dehydrogenases in strains of is that cryptic genes become expressed.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error