1887

Abstract

Four coryneform bacteria were isolated from enrichments with 1-chlorobutane, 1-chloropentane or 1-chlorohexane as sole source of carbon and energy. One organism, strain HA1, was identified as an sp. It could utilize at least 18 1-chloro-, 1-bromo- and 1-iodoalkanes, but not the 1-fluoroalkane tested. Substrate utilization was quantitative and growth yields of about 5.5 g protein (mol C) were observed for hexanol and 1-chlorohexane with specific growth rates of 0.19 and 0.14 h, respectively. The organohalogen atom was released quantitatively as the halide ion. Cells grown on 1-chlorobutane contained an inducible enzyme(s) that dehalogenated haloalkanes. The enzyme was soluble, required no cofactors, membrane components or oxygen for activity, and released halide and the corresponding n-alcohol from the 1-haloalkane. The halidohydrolase(s) in crude extract had a specific activity of about 0.7 mkat (kg protein) and dehalogenated a much wider spectrum of compounds (at least 29, including mid-chain and α,ω-dichlorosubstituted alkanes) than supported growth.

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/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-133-2-267
1987-02-01
2019-11-22
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http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-133-2-267
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