1887

Abstract

SUMMARY: The germination pattern of six species of fungi on synthetic soil containing antibiotic-producing or non-antibiotic-producing micro-organisms was similar to that on natural soil. Sterilization by autoclaving destroyed the fungistatic effect of both natural and synthetic soils. Mixed microorganisms were more effective than bacteria, actinomycetes or fungi alone in inducing fungistasis in synthetic soil. The percentage germination of and on both natural and synthetic soils increased with increase in the proportion of silica sand added. Bacteriostasis, actinostasis and fungistasis occurred concurrently in the synthetic soil, which also induced lysis of mycelia of Preincubation on natural or synthetic soil rendered nutrient agarose blocks incapable of supporting germination of nutrient-dependent fungi without reducing their ability to support germination of nutrient-independent fungi. Individual groups of micro-organisms were not as effective as mixed micro-organisms in causing diffusion of nutrients from agarose blocks to synthetic soil.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-132-10-2807
1986-10-01
2021-10-20
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/micro/132/10/mic-132-10-2807.html?itemId=/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-132-10-2807&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Aragaki M. 1964; Relation of radiation and temperature to the sporulation of Alternaria tomato and other fungi. Phytopathology 54:565–569
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Brown M. E. 1973; Soil bacteriostasis limitation in growth of soil and rhizosphere bacteria. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 19:195–199
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Dobbs C. G., Hinson W. H. 1953; A widespread fungistasis in soils. Nature, London 172:197–199
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Farley J. D., Lockwood J. L. 1968; The suppression of actinomycetes by PCNB in culture media for enumerating soil bacteria. Phytopathology 58:1714–1715
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Ho W. C., Ko W. H. 1980a; Agarose medium for bioassay of antimicrobial substances. Phytopathology 70:764–766
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Ho W. C., Ko W. H. 1980b; A simple medium for selective isolation and enumeration of soil actinomycetes. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan 46:634–638
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Ho W. C., Ko W. H. 1982; Characteristics of soil microbiostasis. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 14:589–593
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Ho W. C., Ko W. H. 1985; Soil microbiostasis: effects of environmental and edaphic factors. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 17:167–170
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Hoagland D. R., Arnon D. I. 1950; The water-culture method for growing plants without soil. California Agricultural Experiment Station Circular no. 347
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Hsu S. C., Lockwood J. L. 1973; Soil fungistasis: behavior of nutrient-independent spores and sclerotia in a model system. Phytopathology 63:334–337
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Katznelson H. 1940; Survival of microorganisms introduced into soil. Soil Science 49:283–293
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Ko W. H. 1982; Effects of nutritional factors on chemical and soil microbiostasis. University of Hawaii HITAHR Research Series 12:1–55
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Ko W. H., Chow F. K. 1976; Characteristics of soil bacteriostasis. Proceedings of the American Phytopathological Society 3:239
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Ko W. H., Chow F. K. 1977; Characteristics of bacteriostasis in natural soil. Journal of General Microbiolgy 102:295–298
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Ko W. H., Ho W. C. 1984; Soil microbiostasis. In Soilborne Crop Diseases in Asia pp 175–184 Edited by Bay-Petersen J. Taipei: Food & Fertilizer Technology Center;
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Ko W. H., Lockwood J. L. 1967; Soil fungistasis: relation to fungal spore nutrition. Phytopathology 57:894–901
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Ko W. H., Lockwood J. L. 1970; Mechanism of lysis of fungal mycelia in soil. Phytopathology 60:148–154
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Lockwood J. L. 1960; Lysis of mycelium of plant-pathogenic fungi by natural soil. Phytopathology 50:787–789
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Lockwood J. L. 1984; Soil fungistasis: mechanisms and relation to biological control of soilborne plant pathogens. In Soilborne Crop Diseases in Asia pp 159–174 Edited by Bay-Petersen J. Taipei: Food & Fertilizer Technology Center;
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Lynch J. M. 1982; Limits of microbial growth in soil. Journal of General Microbiology 128:405–410
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Moore S., Stein W. H. 1955; A modified ninhydrin reagent for the photometric determination of amino acids and related compounds. Journal of Biological Chemistry 211:907–913
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Morris D. L. 1958; Quantitative determination of carbohydrates with Dreywood’s anthrone reagent. Science 107:254–255
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Russell E. J., Hutchinson H. B. 1909; The effect of partial sterilization of soil on the production of plant food. Journal of Agricultural Science 3:111–144
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Steiner G. W., Watson R. D. 1965; Use of surfactants in the soil dilution and plate count method. Phytopathology 55:728–730
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-132-10-2807
Loading
/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-132-10-2807
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error