SUMMARY: metabolizes sugars via the Entner-Doudoroff and pentose phosphate pathways but does not have a functional Embden-Meyerhof pathway. Although some sugar catabolizing enzymes are constitutive, activities of the “Entner-Doudoroff” enzymes vary with the carbon source. Bacteroids have complete pathways for sugar catabolism even though the specific activities of some enzymes, e.g., glucokinase, are lower than in free-living cells. Tn5-induced mutants lacking glucokinase, fructokinase and pyruvate dehydrogenase have been isolated. Although these mutants are unable to utilize sugars, they all nodulate peas and fix N. The capacity to utilize particular C and C sugars is apparently not essential for bacteroid development or the establishment of effective N fixation.


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