SUMMARY: The resistance of gonococci to complement-mediated killing by serum is important in the pathogenesis of gonorrhoea. Most urethal strains lose this resistance on subculture. The host product(s) which induces the resistance is therefore fundamental to pathogenesis. Human genital secretions and some sera induced gonococci to serum resistance Guinea pig serum was more active than human serum and low molecular weight fractions from it conferred resistance to gonococci in 3 h at 37 °C. Similar active fractions were obtained from human sera. Now guinea pig serum has been further fractionated for the low molecular weight inducer by membrane filtration, gel filtration on Sephadex G25, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with a Spherisorb ODS reverse phase column, chromatography on Sephadex LH20 and HPLC with a Partisil SCX cation exchange column. The small yield (less than 1 mg from 400 ml serum) of highly active material was contaminated with breakdown products from the Partisil SCX column and a mixture of compounds. However, analysis indicated the presence of one or more small glucopeptides containing cysteine, glutamic acid, aspartic acid, threonine, serine, glycine, alanine, valine and lysine. Similar glucopeptides are liberated from fresh human red blood cells in slightly hypertonic saline and samples of them induced gonococci to serum resistance.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error