1887

Abstract

Strains of three anaerobic rumen bacteria, and were able to use extracellular H to reduce fumarate to succinate. Each bacterium possessed membrane-bound hydrogenase and fumarate reductase activity. Membrane-bound cytochrome was reducible by H and oxidizable by fumarate in each bacterium. The apparent values for hydrogen of the hydrogenases were 4.5 10 , 1.4 10 and 4.4 10 for and respectively. The apparent values for fumarate of the fumarate reductases were approximately 1.0 10 for each bacterium.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-119-2-485
1980-08-01
2021-07-25
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/micro/119/2/mic-119-2-485.html?itemId=/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-119-2-485&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Chung K.-T. 1976; Inhibitory effects of H2 on growth of Clostridium cellobioparum.. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 31:342–348
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Demeyer D. I., Van Nevel C. J. 1975; Methanogenesis, an integrated part of carbohydrate fermentation and its control.. In Digestion and Metabolism in the Ruminant, Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Ruminant Physiology pp. 366–382 Edited by McDonald I. W., Warner A. C. I. Armidale, N.S.W., Australia: University of New England Publishing Unit;
    [Google Scholar]
  3. De Vries W., Van Wijck-Kapteijn W. M. C., Oosterhuis S. K. H. 1974; The presence and function of cytochromes in Selenomonas ruminantium, Anaerovibrio lipolytica and Veillonella alcalescens.. Journal of General Microbiology 81:69–78
    [Google Scholar]
  4. De Vries W., Aleem M. I. H., Hemrika-Wagner A., Stouthamer A. H. 1977; The functioning of cytochrome b in the electron transport to fumarate in Propionibacterium freudenreichii and Propionibacterium pentosaceum.. Archives of Microbiology 112:271–276
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Enoch H. G., Lester R. L. 1975; The purification and properties of formate dehydrogenase and nitrate reductase from Escherichia coli.. Journal of Biological Chemistry 250:6693–6705
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Erbes D. L., Burris R. H. 1978; The kinetics of methyl viologen oxidation and reduction by hydrogenase of Clostridium pasteurianum.. Biochimica et biophysica acta 525:45–54
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Fell B. F., Kay M., Whitelaw F. G., Boyne R. 1968; Observations on the development of ruminal lesions in calves fed on barley.. Research in Veterinary Science 9:458–466
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Henderson C. 1971; A study of the lipase of Anaerovibrio lipolytica: a rumen bacterium.. Journal of General Microbiology 65:81–89
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Henderson C. 1975; The isolation and characterization of strains of lipolytic bacteria from the ovine rumen.. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 39:101–109
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Hobson P. N. 1965; Continuous culture of some anaerobic and facultative anaerobic rumen bacteria.. Journal of General Microbiology 38:167–180
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Hobson P. N., Mann S. O. 1961; The isolation of glycerol-fermenting and lipolytic bacteria from the rumen of the sheep.. Journal of General Microbiology 25227–240
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Hobson P. N., Summers R. 1972; ATP pool and growth yield in Selenomonas ruminantium.. Journal of General Microbiology 70:351–360
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Hobson P. N., Mann S. O., Oxford A. E. 1958; Some studies on the occurrence and properties of a large Gram-negative coccus from the rumen.. Journal of General Microbiology 19:462–472
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Hungate R. E. 1966 The Rumen and its Microbes. New York & London: Academic Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Hungate R. E., Smith W., Bauchop T., Yu I., Rabinowitz J. C. 1970; Formate as an intermediate in the bovine rumen fermentation.. Journal of Bacteriology 102:389–397
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Jarvis B. D. W., Henderson C., Asmundson R. V. 1978; The role of carbonate in the metabolism of glucose by Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens.. Journal of General Microbiology 105:287–295
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Kröger A. 1977; Phosphorylative electron transport with fumarate and nitrate as terminal hydrogen acceptors.. Symposia of the Society for General Microbiology 27:61–93
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Kröger A., Innerhofer A. 1976; The function of b cytochromes in the electron transport from formate to fumarate of Vibrio succinogenes.. European Journal of Biochemistry 69:497–506
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Kurihara Y., Eadie J. M., Hobson P. N., Mann S. O. 1968; Relationship between bacteria and ciliate protozoa in the sheep rumen.. Journal of General Microbiology 51:267–288
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Lowry O. H., Carter J., Ward J. B., Glaser L. 1971; The effect of carbon and nitrogen sources on the level of metabolic intermediates in Escherichia coli.. Journal of Biological Chemistry 246:6511–6521
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Lysons R. J., Alexander T. J. L., Hobson P. N., Mann S. O., Stewart C. S. 1971; Establishment of a limited rumen microflora in gnotobiotic lambs.. Research in Veterinary Science 12:486–487
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Pirt S. J. 1965; The maintenance energy of bacteria in growing cultures.. Proceedings of the Royal Society B163:224–231
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Reddy A. C., Peck H. D. 1978; Electron transport phosphorylation coupled to fumarate reduction by H2 and Mg2+-dependent adenosine triphosphatase activity in extracts of the rumen anaerobe Vibrio succinogenes.. Journal of Bacteriology 134:982–991
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Thauer R. K., Jungerman K., Decker K. 1977; Energy conservation in chemotrophic anaerobic bacteria.. Bacteriological Reviews 41:100–180
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Van Nevel C. J., Prens R. A., Demeyer D. I. 1974; On the inverse relationship between methane and propionate in the rumen.. Zeitschrift fur Tierphysiologie, Tieremahrung und Futtermittelkunde 33:121–125
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Wolin M. J., Wolin E. A., Jacobs N. J. 1961; Cytochrome-producing anaerobic vibrio, Vibrio succinogenes sp. n.. Journal of Bacteriology 81:911–917
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-119-2-485
Loading
/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-119-2-485
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error