Summary: Regulation of glucose, fructose and sucrose catabolism was studied in grown under phototrophic conditions. The sequence of preference for the utilization of the sugar substrates was fructose, glucose, sucrose. The presence of a preferred substrate did not completely suppress the utilization of the less preferred. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, the key enzyme of glucose and sucrose catabolism, exhibited sigmoidal substrate saturation curves and was inhibited by phosphoenolpyruvate, whereas 1-phosphofructokinase, the key enzyme of fructose catabolism, exhibited hyperbolic substrate saturation curves and was not inhibited by phosphoenolpyruvate. Since phosphoenolpyruvate is a common intermediate of glucose, fructose and sucrose catabolism, the control of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase may be responsible for the preferential utilization of fructose.


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