1887

Abstract

Phenetic data on over 600 heterotrophic bacteria from green leaves of s24 were collected and analysed using numerical taxonomic methods. Marker strains representing 60 taxa were included in the analyses. At similarity levels of 80 % or above, 74 % of the isolates were recovered in six major and 45 minor phena. Four of the major phena were equated with the taxa and the two unidentified phena contained pink, Gram-negative rods with polar flagella. Xanthomonads and pink chromogens formed high populations in May, xanthomonads and pseudomonads in July, xanthomonads in September and listeriae and staphylococci in October. It seems that despite the spatial proximity of leaves, litter and soil, each of these habitats contains independent bacterial communities with specific properties.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-104-1-139
1978-01-01
2021-05-14
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/micro/104/1/mic-104-1-139.html?itemId=/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-104-1-139&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Agrios G. N. 1969 Plant Pathology. New York: Academic Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Austin B., Dickinson C. H., Goodfellow M. 1977; Antagonistic interactions of phylloplane bacteria with Drechslera dictyoides (Drechsler) Shoemaker. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 23:710–715
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Baird-Parker A. C. 1974a; Family I. Micrococcaceae Pribram 1929, 385. In Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 8th edn. pp. 478–479 Edited by Buchanan R. E., Gibbons N. E. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins.;
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Baird-Parker A. C. 1974b; Staphylococcus Rosenbach 1884, 18 nom. cons. Opin. 17 Jud.Comm. 1958, 153. In Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 8th edn. pp. 483–489 Edited by Buchanan R. E., Gibbons N. E. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins;
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Baird-Parker A. C. 1974c; Genus I.Micrococcus Cohn 1872, 151. In Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 8th edn. pp. 478–483 Edited by Buchanan R. E., Gibbons N. E. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins;
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Barclay G. A., Crosse J. E. 1974; Populations of aerobic bacteria associated with the roots of apple and cherry plants. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 37:475–486
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Billing E. 1976; The taxonomy of bacteria on the aerial parts of plants. In Microbiology of Aerial Plant Surfaces pp. 223–273 Edited by Dickinson C. H., Preece T. F. London: Academic Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Buchanan R. E., Gibbons N. E. editors 1974 Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 8th edn.. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins;
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Cowan S. T., Steel K. J. 1965 Manual for the Identification of Medical Bacteria. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Dickinson C. H., Wallace B. 1976; Effects of late applications of foliar fungicides on activity of micro-organisms on winter wheat flag leaves. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 76:103–112
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Dickinson C. H., Austin B., Goodfellow M. 1975; Quantitative and qualitative studies of phylloplane bacteria from Lolium perenne. Journal of General Microbiology 91:157–166
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Dye D. W., Lelliott R. A. 1974; Xanthomonas Dowson 1939, 187. In Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 8th edn. pp. 243–249 Edited by Buchanan R. E., Gibbons N. E. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins;
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Goodfellow M. 1969; Numerical taxonomy of some heterotrophic bacteria isolated from a pine forest soil. In The Soil Ecosystem pp. 83–105 Edited by Sheals J. G. Systematics Association Publication no. 8. London: The Systematics Association;
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Goodfellow M., Austin B., Dawson D. 1976a; Classification and identification of phylloplane bacteria using numerical taxonomy. In Microbiology of Aerial Plant Surfaces pp. 275–292 Edited by Dickinson C. H., Preece T. F. London: Academic Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Goodfellow M., Austin B., Dickinson C. H. 1976b; Numerical taxonomy of some yellow pigmented bacteria isolated from plants. Journal of General Microbiology 97:219–233
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Gordon R. E., Haynes W. C., Pang C.H.-N. 1973 The Genus Bacillus. Agricultural Handbook no. 427 Washington, DC: Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture;
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Graham P. H. 1964; The application of computer techniques to the taxonomy of root nodule bacteria of legumes. Journal of General Microbiology 35:511–517
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Gregorio S. B., Eveland W. C. 1975; Isolation of Listeria monocytogenes from inapparent sources in Michigan. In Problems of Listeriosis pp. 87–93 Edited by Woodbine M. Leicester: University Press.;
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Grinsted J., Lacey R. W. 1973; Ecological and genetic implications of pigmentation in Staphylococcus aureus. Journal of General Microbiology 75:259–267
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Hissett R., Gray T. R. G. 1974; Bacterial populations of litter and soil in a deciduous woodland. 1. Qualitative studies. Revue d’écologie et de biologie du sol 10:495–508
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Holm E., Jensen V. 1972; Aerobic chemoorganotrophic bacteria of a Danish beech forest. Oikos 23:248–260
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Hucker G. L., Conn H. J. 1923; Methods of Gram staining. Technical Bulletin, New York State Agricultural Experiment Station no. 93.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Jensen V. 1971; The bacterial flora of beech leaves. In Ecology of Leaf Surface Micro-organisms pp. 463–469 Edited by Preece T. F., Dickinson C. H. London: Academic Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Jones D. 1975; A numerical taxonomic study of coryneform and related bacteria. Journal of General Microbiology 87:52–96
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Keddie R. M., Cure G. L. 1977; The cell wall composition and distribution of free mycolic acids in named strains of coryneform bacteria and in isolates from various natural sources. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 42:229–252
    [Google Scholar]
  26. King E. O., Ward M. K., Raney D. E. 1954; Two simple media for the demonstration of pyocyanin and fluorescein. Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine 44:301–307
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Last F. T., Warren R. C. 1972; Non-parasitic microbes colonizing green leaves: their form and functions. Endeavour 31:143–150
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Lautrop H. 1974; AcinetobacterBrisou and Prevot 1954, 727. In Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 8th edn. pp. 436–438 Edited by Buchanan R. E., Gibbons N. E. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins;
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Leadbetter E. R. 1974; CytophagaWinogradsky 1929, 577; Lewin 1969, 191. Emend,mut.char. In Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 8th edn. pp. 101–105 Edited by Buchanan R. E., Gibbons N. E. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins;
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Leben C., Daft G. C. 1965; Influence of an epiphytic bacterium on cucumber anthracnose, early blight of tomato and northern leaf blight of corn. Phytopathology 55:760–762
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Lowe W. E., Gray T. R. G. 1972; Ecological studies on coccoid bacteria in a pine forest soil. I.Classification. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 4:459–467
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Lowe W. E., Gray T. R. G. 1973a; Ecological studies on coccoid bacteria in a pine forest soil. II.Growth of bacteria inoculated into soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 5:449–462
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Lowe W. E., Gray T. R. G. 1973b; Ecological studies on coccoid bacteria in a pine forest soil. III.Competitive interactions between bacterial strains in soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 5:463–472
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Mcmeekin T. A., Stewart D. B., Murray J. G. 1972; The Adansonian taxonomy and the deoxyribonucleic acid base composition of some Gram-negative, yellow pigmented rods. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 35:129–137
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Mathews M. M., Sistrom W. R. 1960; The function of the carotenoid pigments of Sarcinalutea. Archiv für Mikrobiologie 35:139–146
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Pagel J. E., Seyfried P. L. 1976; Numerical taxonomy of aquatic Acinetobacter isolates. Journal of General Microbiology 95:220–232
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Palleroni N. J., Doudoroff M. 1972; Some properties and taxonomic subdivisions of the genusPseudomonas. Annual Review of Phytopathology 10:73–100
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Perry L. B. 1973; Gliding motility in some nonspreading flexi-bacteria. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 36:227–232
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Pfister R. M., Burkholder P. R. 1965; Numerical taxonomy of some bacteria isolated from antarctic and tropical seawaters. Journal of Bacteriology 90:863–872
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Reichelt J. L., Baumann P. 1973; Taxonomy of the marine luminous bacteria. Archiv für Mikrobiologie 94:283–330
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Reyn A. 1974; Family I. NeisseriaceaePrevot1933) 119. In Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 8th edn. pp. 427–432 Edited by Buchanan R. E., Gibbons N. E. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins;
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Rovira A. D., Brisbane P. G. 1967; Numerical taxonomy and soil bacteria. In The Ecology of Soil Bacteria pp. 337–350 Edited by Gray T. R. G., Parkinson D. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Rustigan R., Stuart C. A. 1941; Decomposition of urea by Proteus. Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine 47:108
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Seeliger H. P. R., Welshimer H. J. 1974 Listeria.In Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 8th edn. pp. 593–596 Edited by Buchanan R. E., Gibbons N. E. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins;
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Shimwell J. L., Carr J. G., Rhodes M. E. 1960; Differentiation of Acetomonas and Pseudomonas. Journal of General Microbiology 23:283–286
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Sneath P. H. A. 1957; The application of computers to taxonomy. Journal of General Microbiology 17:201–226
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Sneath P. H. A., Collins V. G. 1974; A study in test reproducibility between laboratories: report of a Pseudomonas working party. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 40:481–527
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Sneath P. H. A., Johnson R. 1972; The influence on numerical taxonomic similarities of errors in microbiological tests. Journal of General Microbiology 72:377–392
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Sneath P. H. A., Sokal R. R. 1973 Numerical Taxonomy. London: W. H. Freeman;
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Sokal R. R., Michener C. D. 1958; A statistical method for evaluating systematic relationships. Kansas University Science Bulletin 38:1409–1438
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Soumare S., Losfield J., Blondeau R. 1973; Apports de la taxonomienumerique a l’étude du spectre bactérien de la microflore des sols du nord de la France. Annales de Microbiologie(Institut Pasteur) 124B:81–97
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Stanier R. Y. 1942; The cytophaga group: a contribution to the biology of myxobacteria. Bacteriological Reviews 6:143–196
    [Google Scholar]
  53. Stanier R. Y., Palleroni N. J., Doudoroff M. 1966; The aerobic pseudomonads: a taxonomic study. Journal of General Microbiology 43:159–271
    [Google Scholar]
  54. Stout J. D. 1958; Biological studies of some tussock-grassland soils. XV. Bacteria. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 1:943–957
    [Google Scholar]
  55. Stout J. D. 1960; Biological studies of some tussock-grassland soils. XV. Bacteria of two cultivated soils. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 3:214–223
    [Google Scholar]
  56. Stout J. D. 1961; A bacterial survey of some New Zealand forest lands, grasslands and peats. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 4:1–30
    [Google Scholar]
  57. Teliz-Ortiz M., Burkholder W. H. 1960; A strain of Pseudomonas fluorescens antagonistic to P. phaseolicola and other bacterial plant pathogens. Phytopathology 50:119–123
    [Google Scholar]
  58. Tukey H. B. 1971; Leaching of substances from plants. In Ecology of LeafSurface Micro-organisms pp. 67–80 Edited by Preece T. F., Dickinson C. H. London: Academic Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  59. de Vries J. T., Derx H. G. 1953; On the occurrence of Mycoplana rubra and its identity with Protaminobacter ruber. Annales bogoriensis 1:53–60
    [Google Scholar]
  60. Weeks O. B. 1974; Genus Flavobacterium Bergey et al. 1923, 97. In Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 8th edn. pp. 357–364 Edited by Buchanan R. E., Gibbons N. E. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins;
    [Google Scholar]
  61. Weiss J., Seeliger H. P. R. 1975; Incidence of Listeria monocytogenes in nature. Applied Microbiology 30:29–32
    [Google Scholar]
  62. Welshimer H. J., Donker-Voet J. 1971; Listeria monocytogenes in nature. Applied Microbiology 21:516–519
    [Google Scholar]
  63. Welshimer H. J., Meredith A. L. 1971; Listeria murrayi sp.n.: a nitrate-reducing mannitol-fermenting Listeria. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 21:3–7
    [Google Scholar]
  64. Yamada K., Komagata K. 1972; Taxonomic studies on coryneform bacteria. V. Classification of coryneform bacteria. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology 18:417–431
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-104-1-139
Loading
/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-104-1-139
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error