1887

Abstract

Thoracic empyema caused by rapidly growing mycobacteria (RGM) and complicated with bronchopleural fistula is rarely reported, especially in immunocompetent patients. A 53-year-old healthy woman presented initially with a productive cough and intermittent fever. The patient received a complete treatment course following an initial diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis. After the anti-tuberculosis agents were discontinued, a right thoracic empyema with bronchopleural fistula occurred, and the pathogens from both pus and sputum were identified as . Thoracotomy with decortication and wedge resection of the right middle lung was performed, followed by clarithromycin plus ciprofloxacin therapy for 36 months. This patient has not suffered a relapse in the last 3 years. In addition to the experience of successful treatment, this case indicates that RGM such as can emerge as causative pathogens of thoracic empyema, even in healthy persons.

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2008-05-01
2019-10-19
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