1887

Abstract

A number of nucleic acid amplification assays (NAAs) have been employed to detect tubercle bacilli in clinical specimens for tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis. Among these, loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is an NAA possessing superior isothermal reaction characteristics. In the present study, a set of six specific primers targeting the 16S rRNA gene with high sensitivity was selected and a LAMP system (MTB-LAMP) was developed. Using this system, a total of 200 sputum samples from Nepalese patients were investigated. The sensitivity of MTB-LAMP in culture-positive samples was 100 % (96/96), and the specificity in culture-negative samples was 94.2 % (98/104, 95 % confidence interval 90.5–97.9 %). The positive and negative predictive values of MTB-LAMP were 94.1 and 100 %, respectively. These results indicate that this MTB-LAMP method may prove to be a powerful tool for the early diagnosis of TB.

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2008-04-01
2020-08-14
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