1887

Abstract

The objective of this study was to develop and validate an expanded multiplex PCR assay for the simultaneous detection of eight plasmid-mediated quinolone-resistance determinants in . Primers were designed to amplify conserved fragments of , , and genes and were optimized in uniplex and multiplex PCR assays with control template DNA. The assay was used to determine the prevalence of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) genes in 174 ciprofloxacin-resistant and 43 ciprofloxacin-susceptible extraintestinal pathogenic isolates. Each resistance gene could be detected alone and in combination. PMQR determinants were detected in 65 ciprofloxacin-resistant isolates (37 %) and one ciprofloxacin-susceptible isolate (2 %). Prevalences of the identified determinants were: , 34.5 %; , 1.1 %; , 1.1 %; and , 0.6 %. In conclusion, we developed an eight-target multiplex PCR for the accurate detection of PMQR genes and confirmed that PMQR prevalence remains low among human clinical isolates in the UK.

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2013-12-01
2020-12-02
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