1887

Abstract

The potential of human plasma (HP) or serum (HS) as a replacement for fetal calf serum (FCS) was evaluated in a liver infusion tryptose (LIT) medium for bulk cultivation of promastigotes. The promastigote yield with the LIT-FCS standard medium was 0.4–1.8×10 ml, and yields of 0.5–3.4×10 ( = 0.527) and 0.4–2.4×10 ( = 0.062) were recorded for two LIT medium variants containing HP or HS as supplement instead of FCS. Significantly, higher promastigote yields of 1.3–4.9×10 ml were demonstrated when LIT medium was supplemented with HP of blood group O but not A, B, AB or equally pooled ABO ( = 0.007–0.020). Matching ( = 0.56) strong positive (1 : 10 2400 to ≥1 : 262 144 00) and weak negative (1 : 5–1 : 160) direct agglutination test (DAT) titres, respectively, were demonstrated in 24 visceral leishmaniasis (VL) and 45 non-VL sera for both standard LIT-FCS and alternative LIT-HP derived antigens. Our findings indicate strong potential for sustainable production of promastigotes for important diagnostic procedures such as DAT in the VL affected areas.

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2013-08-01
2020-01-26
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