1887

Abstract

Here, we report what we believe to be the first case of bacteraemia with small colony variants of related to a pacemaker lead infection by displaying the normal phenotype. Arbitrarily primed PCR analysis showed a clonal strain. The infection was cured after the removal of the infected device.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.051987-0
2013-06-01
2019-08-18
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/jmm/62/6/940.html?itemId=/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.051987-0&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Baddour L. M., Wilson W. R., Bayer A. S., Fowler V. G. Jr, Bolger A. F., Levison M. E., Ferrieri P., Gerber M. A., Tani L. Y.. & other authors ( 2005;). Infective endocarditis: diagnosis, antimicrobial therapy, and management of complications: a statement for healthcare professionals from the Committee on Rheumatic Fever, Endocarditis, and Kawasaki Disease, Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, and the Councils on Clinical Cardiology, Stroke, and Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia, American Heart Association: endorsed by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. . Circulation 111:, e394–e434. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Baddour L. M., Epstein A. E., Erickson C. C., Knight B. P., Levison M. E., Lockhart P. B., Masoudi F. A., Okum E. J., Wilson W. R.. & other authors ( 2010;). Update on cardiovascular implantable electronic device infections and their management: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. . Circulation 121:, 458–477. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Banerjee C., Bustamante C. I., Wharton R., Talley E., Wade J. C.. ( 1988;). Bacillus infections in patients with cancer. . Arch Intern Med 148:, 1769–1774. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Baumert N., von Eiff C., Schaaff F., Peters G., Proctor R. A., Sahl H. G.. ( 2002;). Physiology and antibiotic susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus small colony variants. . Microb Drug Resist 8:, 253–260. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Becker K., Schumann P., Wüllenweber J., Schulte M., Weil H. P., Stackebrandt E., Peters G., von Eiff C.. ( 2002;). Kytococcus schroeteri sp. nov., a novel Gram-positive actinobacterium isolated from a human clinical source. . Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 52:, 1609–1614. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Becker K., Harmsen D., Mellmann A., Meier C., Schumann P., Peters G., von Eiff C.. ( 2004;). Development and evaluation of a quality-controlled ribosomal sequence database for 16S ribosomal DNA-based identification of Staphylococcus species. . J Clin Microbiol 42:, 4988–4995. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Becker K., Laham N. A., Fegeler W., Proctor R. A., Peters G., von Eiff C.. ( 2006;). Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopic analysis is a powerful tool for studying the dynamic changes in Staphylococcus aureus small-colony variants. . J Clin Microbiol 44:, 3274–3278. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Blue S. R., Singh V. R., Saubolle M. A.. ( 1995;). Bacillus licheniformis bacteremia: five cases associated with indwelling central venous catheters. . Clin Infect Dis 20:, 629–633. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Branda S. S., Chu F., Kearns D. B., Losick R., Kolter R.. ( 2006;). A major protein component of the Bacillus subtilis biofilm matrix. . Mol Microbiol 59:, 1229–1238. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Breitkopf C., Hammel D., Scheld H. H., Peters G., Becker K.. ( 2005;). Impact of a molecular approach to improve the microbiological diagnosis of infective heart valve endocarditis. . Circulation 111:, 1415–1421. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  11. CLSI ( 2011;). Performance Standards for Antimicrobial Disk Diffusion Susceptibility Tests; Approved Standard, CLSI Document M100-S21. . Wayne, PA:: Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute;.
  12. Ellinghaus P., Badehorn D., Blümer R., Becker K., Seedorf U.. ( 1999;). Increased efficiency of arbitrarily primed PCR by prolonged ramp times. . Biotechniques 26:, 626–628, 630.[PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Habib G., Hoen B., Tornos P., Thuny F., Prendergast B., Vilacosta I., Moreillon P., de Jesus Antunes M., Thilen U.. & other authors ( 2009;). Guidelines on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of infective endocarditis (new version 2009): the Task Force on the Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Infective Endocarditis of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). . Eur Heart J 30:, 2369–2413. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Hsueh P. R., Teng L. J., Yang P. C., Pan H. L., Ho S. W., Luh K. T.. ( 1999;). Nosocomial pseudoepidemic caused by Bacillus cereus traced to contaminated ethyl alcohol from a liquor factory. . J Clin Microbiol 37:, 2280–2284.[PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Jones B. L., Hanson M. F., Logan N. A.. ( 1992;). Isolation of Bacillus licheniformis from a brain abscess following a penetrating orbital injury. . J Infect 24:, 103–104. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Kassar R., Hachem R., Jiang Y., Chaftari A. M., Raad I.. ( 2009;). Management of Bacillus bacteremia: the need for catheter removal. . Medicine (Baltimore) 88:, 279–283. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Kriegeskorte A., König S., Sander G., Pirkl A., Mahabir E., Proctor R. A., von Eiff C., Peters G., Becker K.. ( 2011;). Small colony variants of Staphylococcus aureus reveal distinct protein profiles. . Proteomics 11:, 2476–2490. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Lépine A., Michel F., Nicaise C., Imbert G., Vialet R., Thomachot L., Di Marco J. N., Lagier P., Martin C.. ( 2009;). Bacillus licheniformis septicemia in a very-low-birth-weight neonate: a case report. . Infection 37:, 156–158. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Logan N. A., Hoffmaster A. R., Shadomy S. V., Stauffer K. E.. ( 2011;). Bacillus and other aerobic endospore-forming bacteria. . In Manual of Clinical Microbiology, , 10th edn., vol. 1, pp. 381–402. Edited by Versalovic J., Carroll K. C., Funke G., Jorgensen J. H., Landry M. L., Warnock D. W... Washington, DC:: American Society for Microbiology;.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Maduka-Ezeh A., Seville M. T., Kusne S., Vikram H. R., Blair J. E., Greenwood-Quaintance K., Arabia F., Patel R.. ( 2012;). Thymidine auxotrophic Staphylococcus aureus small-colony variant endocarditis and left ventricular assist device infection. . J Clin Microbiol 50:, 1102–1105. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Maughan H., Nicholson W. L.. ( 2011;). Increased fitness and alteration of metabolic pathways during Bacillus subtilis evolution in the laboratory. . Appl Environ Microbiol 77:, 4105–4118. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Nielsen X. C., Nielsen F. T., Kurtzhals J. A., Moser C., Boye K., Christensen J. J., Johansen U. R., Westh H.. ( 2009;). Management of recurrent pacemaker-related bacteraemia with small colony variant Staphylococcus aureus in a haemodialysis patient. . BMJ Case Rep 2009:, doi: 10.1136/bcr.05.2009.1910.[PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Proctor R. A., von Eiff C., Kahl B. C., Becker K., McNamara P., Herrmann M., Peters G.. ( 2006;). Small colony variants: a pathogenic form of bacteria that facilitates persistent and recurrent infections. . Nat Rev Microbiol 4:, 295–305. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Quan J., Darer J. D., Sewell D. L., Strausbaugh L. J.. ( 2000;). Pacemaker wire infection caused by Bacillus licheniformis. . Clin Microbiol Newsl 22:, 110–111. [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Rettger L. F., Gillespie H. B.. ( 1933;). Bacterial variation, with special reference to pleomorphism and filtrability. . J Bacteriol 26:, 289–319.[PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Santini F., Borghetti V., Amalfitano G., Mazzucco A.. ( 1995;). Bacillus licheniformis prosthetic aortic valve endocarditis. . J Clin Microbiol 33:, 3070–3073.[PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Seifert H., Wisplinghoff H., Schnabel P., von Eiff C.. ( 2003;). Small colony variants of Staphylococcus aureus and pacemaker-related infection. . Emerg Infect Dis 9:, 1316–1318. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Seifert H., Oltmanns D., Becker K., Wisplinghoff H., von Eiff C.. ( 2005;). Staphylococcus lugdunensis pacemaker-related infection. . Emerg Infect Dis 11:, 1283–1286. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Singh R., Ray P., Das A., Sharma M.. ( 2010;). Enhanced production of exopolysaccharide matrix and biofilm by a menadione-auxotrophic Staphylococcus aureus small-colony variant. . J Med Microbiol 59:, 521–527. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Thurn J. R., Goodman J. L.. ( 1988;). Post-traumatic ophthalmitis due to Bacillus licheniformis. . Am J Med 85:, 708–710. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Tuchscherr L., Heitmann V., Hussain M., Viemann D., Roth J., von Eiff C., Peters G., Becker K., Löffler B.. ( 2010;). Staphylococcus aureus small-colony variants are adapted phenotypes for intracellular persistence. . J Infect Dis 202:, 1031–1040. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  32. von Eiff C., Vaudaux P., Kahl B. C., Lew D., Emler S., Schmidt A., Peters G., Proctor R. A.. ( 1999;). Bloodstream infections caused by small-colony variants of coagulase-negative staphylococci following pacemaker implantation. . Clin Infect Dis 29:, 932–934. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  33. von Eiff C., McNamara P., Becker K., Bates D., Lei X. H., Ziman M., Bochner B. R., Peters G., Proctor R. A.. ( 2006;). Phenotype microarray profiling of Staphylococcus aureus menD and hemB mutants with the small-colony-variant phenotype. . J Bacteriol 188:, 687–693. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.051987-0
Loading
/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.051987-0
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error