1887

Abstract

is an aquatic coryneform rod that is capable of forming biofilms in environmental water sources. It has rarely been associated with human infections and its pathogenicity and clinical significance are uncertain. We describe a case of catheter-related bloodstream infection in a haemodialysis patient. The isolate grew on conventional media as a yellow-pigmented colony, but identification required molecular methods. Although the strain displayed reduced sensitivity to vancomycin, the clinical outcome was favourable after catheter removal and intravenous treatment with this antibiotic. Our report gives further evidence of the capability of this aquatic bacterium to cause human infection.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.037457-0
2012-06-01
2020-01-20
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/jmm/61/6/868.html?itemId=/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.037457-0&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Aguado J. M., San-Juan R., Lalueza A., Sanz F., Rodríguez-Otero J., Gómez-Gonzalez C., Chaves F.. ( 2011;). High vancomycin MIC and complicated methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia. . Emerg Infect Dis 17:, 1099–1102. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Almuzara M. N., De Mier C., Rodríguez C. R., Famiglietti A. M., Vay C. A.. ( 2006;). [Evaluation of API Coryne System, version 2.0, for diphteroid Gram-positive rods identification with clinical relevance]. . Rev Argent Microbiol 38:, 197–201 (in Spanish).[PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Beckwith D. G., Jahre J. A., Haggerty S.. ( 1986;). Isolation of Corynebacterium aquaticum from spinal fluid of an infant with meningitis. . J Clin Microbiol 23:, 375–376.[PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Blot F., Nitenberg G., Chachatty E., Raynard B., Germann N., Antoun S., Laplanche A., Brun-Buisson C., Tancrède C.. ( 1999;). Diagnosis of catheter-related bacteraemia: a prospective comparison of the time to positivity of hub-blood versus peripheral-blood cultures. . Lancet 354:, 1071–1077. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Carbonnelle E., Beretti J.-L., Cottyn S., Quesne G., Berche P., Nassif X., Ferroni A.. ( 2007;). Rapid identification of staphylococci isolated in clinical microbiology laboratories by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry. . J Clin Microbiol 45:, 2156–2161. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Cole J. R., Wang Q., Cardenas E., Fish J., Chai B., Farris R. J., Kulam-Syed-Mohideen A. S., McGarrell D. M., Marsh T.. & other authors ( 2009;). The Ribosomal Database Project: improved alignments and new tools for rRNA analysis. . Nucleic Acids Res 37: (Database issue), D141–D145. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  7. D’Amico M., Mangano S., Spinelli M., Sala E., Vigano’ E. F., Grilli R., Fraticelli M., Grillo C., Limido A.. ( 2005;). [From the Mailing List SIN: epidemic of infections caused by ‘aquatic’ bacteria in patients undergoing hemodialysis via central venous catheters]. . G Ital Nefrol 22:, 508–513 (in Italian).[PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Dastager S. G., Lee J. C., Ju Y. J., Park D. J., Kim C. J.. ( 2009;). Leifsonia kribbensis sp. nov., isolated from soil. . Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 59:, 18–21. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Dempsey K. E., Riggio M. P., Lennon A., Hannah V. E., Ramage G., Allan D., Bagg J.. ( 2007;). Identification of bacteria on the surface of clinically infected and non-infected prosthetic hip joints removed during revision arthroplasties by 16S rRNA gene sequencing and by microbiological culture. . Arthritis Res Ther 9:, R46. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Devulder G., Perrière G., Baty F., Flandrois J. P.. ( 2003;). BIBI, a bioinformatics bacterial identification tool. . J Clin Microbiol 41:, 1785–1787. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Donlan R. M.. ( 2001;). Biofilms and device-associated infections. . Emerg Infect Dis 7:, 277–281. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Evtushenko L. I., Dorofeeva L. V., Subbotin S. A., Cole J. R., Tiedje J. M.. ( 2000;). Leifsonia poae gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from nematode galls on Poa annua, and reclassification of ‘Corynebacterium aquaticum’ Leifson 1962 as Leifsonia aquatica (ex Leifson 1962) gen. nov., nom. rev., comb. nov. and Clavibacter xyli Davis et al. 1984 with two subspecies as Leifsonia xyli (Davis et al. 1984) gen. nov., comb. nov.. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 50:, 371–380. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Exner M., Kramer A., Lajoie L., Gebel J., Engelhart S., Hartemann P.. ( 2005;). Prevention and control of health care-associated waterborne infections in health care facilities. . Am J Infect Control 33: (Suppl. 1), S26–S40. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Funke G., Bernard K.. ( 2007;). Coryneform Gram-positive rods. . In Manual of Clinical Microbiology, pp. 485–514. Edited by Murray P. R., Baron E. J., Jorgensen J. H., Landry M. L., Pfaller M. A... Washington, DC:: American Society for Microbiology;.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Funke G., von Graevenitz A., Clarridge J. E. III, Bernard K. A.. ( 1997;). Clinical microbiology of coryneform bacteria. . Clin Microbiol Rev 10:, 125–159.[PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Giammanco G. M., Pignato S., Grimont P. A., Grimont F., Santangelo C., Leonardi G., Giuffrida A., Legname V., Giammanco G.. ( 2006;). Interstitial pulmonary inflammation due to Microbacterium sp. after heart transplantation. . J Med Microbiol 55:, 335–339. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Goldstein E. J., Citron D. M., Merriam C. V., Warren Y. A., Tyrrell K. L., Fernandez H. T.. ( 2003;). In vitro activities of daptomycin, vancomycin, quinupristin–dalfopristin, linezolid, and five other antimicrobials against 307 Gram-positive anaerobic and 31 Corynebacterium clinical isolates. . Antimicrob Agents Chemother 47:, 337–341. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Grove D. I., Der-Haroutian V., Ratcliff R. M.. ( 1999;). Aureobacterium masquerading as ‘Corynebacterium aquaticum’ infection: case report and review of the literature. . J Med Microbiol 48:, 965–970. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Hung W. L., Wade W. G., Boden R., Kelly D. P., Wood A. P.. ( 2011;). Facultative methylotrophs from the human oral cavity and methylotrophy in strains of Gordonia, Leifsonia, and Microbacterium. . Arch Microbiol 193:, 407–417. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Lau S. K., Woo P. C., Woo G. K., Yuen K. Y.. ( 2002;). Catheter-related Microbacterium bacteremia identified by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. . J Clin Microbiol 40:, 2681–2685. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Leifson E.. ( 1962;). The bacterial flora of distilled and stored water. III. New species of the genera Corynebacterium, Flavobacterium, Spirillum and Pseudomonas. . Int Bull Bacteriol Nomencl Taxon 12:, 161–170.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Levitski-Heikkila T. V., Ullian M. E.. ( 2005;). Peritonitis with multiple rare environmental bacteria in a patient receiving long-term peritoneal dialysis. . Am J Kidney Dis 46:, e119–e124. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Meyer D., Reboli A.. ( 2010;). Other coryneform bacteria and Rhodococci. . In Mandell, Douglas and Bennett’s Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, pp. 2695–2706. Edited by Mandell G. L., Bennett J. E., Dolin R... Philadelphia, PA:: Churchill-Livingtone/Elsevier;.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Phelps W., Baughn R., Black H. S.. ( 1980;). Passage of Corynebacterium aquaticum through membrane filters. . In Vitro 16:, 751–753. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Qin X., Urdahl K. B.. ( 2001;). PCR and sequencing of independent genetic targets for the diagnosis of culture negative bacterial endocarditis. . Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 40:, 145–149. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Rickard A. H., McBain A. J., Ledder R. G., Handley P. S., Gilbert P.. ( 2003;). Coaggregation between freshwater bacteria within biofilm and planktonic communities. . FEMS Microbiol Lett 220:, 133–140. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Saffert R. T., Cunningham S. A., Ihde S. M., Jobe K. E., Mandrekar J., Patel R.. ( 2011;). Comparison of Bruker Biotyper matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometer to BD Phoenix automated microbiology system for identification of Gram-negative bacilli. . J Clin Microbiol 49:, 887–892. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Saweljew P., Kunkel J., Feddersen A., Baumert M., Baehr J., Ludwig W., Bhakdi S., Husmann M.. ( 1996;). Case of fatal systemic infection with an Aureobacterium sp.: identification of isolate by 16S rRNA gene analysis. . J Clin Microbiol 34:, 1540–1541.[PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Seibold E., Maier T., Kostrzewa M., Zeman E., Splettstoesser W.. ( 2010;). Identification of Francisella tularensis by whole-cell matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry: fast, reliable, robust, and cost-effective differentiation on species and subspecies levels. . J Clin Microbiol 48:, 1061–1069. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Sneath P., Sokal R.. ( 1973;). Numerical Taxonomy. San Francisco:: Freeman;.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Sulpher J., Desjardins M., Lee B. C.. ( 2008;). Central venous catheter-associated Leifsonia aquatica bacteremia in a hemodialysis-dependent patient. . Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 61:, 64–66. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Suzuki K. I., Suzuki M., Sasaki J., Park Y. H., Komagata K. K.. ( 1999;). Leifsonia gen. nov., a genus for 2,4-diaminobutyric acid-containing actinomycetes to accommodate “Corynebacterium aquaticum” Leifson 1962 and Clavibacter xyli subsp. cynodontis Davis et al. 1984. . J Gen Appl Microbiol 45:, 253–262. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Takeuchi M., Hatano K.. ( 1998;). Union of the genera Microbacterium Orla-Jensen and Aureobacterium Collins et al. in a redefined genus Microbacterium. . Int J Syst Bacteriol 48:, 739–747. [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Tamura K., Nei M., Kumar S.. ( 2004;). Prospects for inferring very large phylogenies by using the neighbor-joining method. . Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:, 11030–11035. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Tamura K., Dudley J., Nei M., Kumar S.. ( 2007;). mega4: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis (mega) software version 4.0. . Mol Biol Evol 24:, 1596–1599. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  36. van Veen S. Q., Claas E. C., Kuijper E. J.. ( 2010;). High-throughput identification of bacteria and yeast by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry in conventional medical microbiology laboratories. . J Clin Microbiol 48:, 900–907. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Vaneechoutte M., Claeys G., Steyaert S., De Baere T., Peleman R., Verschraegen G.. ( 2000;). Isolation of Moraxella canis from an ulcerated metastatic lymph node. . J Clin Microbiol 38:, 3870–3871.[PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Wilck M. B., Wu Y., Howe J. G., Crouch J. Y., Edberg S. C.. ( 2001;). Endocarditis caused by culture-negative organisms visible by Brown and Brenn staining: utility of PCR and DNA sequencing for diagnosis. . J Clin Microbiol 39:, 2025–2027. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Winn W. Jr, Allen S., Janda W., Koneman E., Procop G., Schreckenberger P., Woods G.. ( 2006;). Aerobic and facultative Gram-positive bacilli. . In Koneman’s Color Atlas and Text Book of Diagnostic Microbiology, p.765. Edited by Winn Jr, Allen S., Janda W., Koneman E., Procop G., Schreckenberger P., Woods G... Philadelphia, PA:: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins;.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.037457-0
Loading
/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.037457-0
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error