1887

Abstract

We report a case of a previously healthy 23-year-old Somalian care assistant. She presented with a 4 month history of persistent occipital headaches associated with intermittent nausea and vomiting. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed a large enhancing lesion in the right cerebellar hemisphere with surrounding ring lesions, suggestive of an intracranial neoplasm with metastases. However, tuberculoma of the brain was confirmed based on histology of the excision biopsy and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) culture results: resistant to isoniazid (INH) with sensitivity to other standard drugs, including fluoroquinolones, was cultured from CSF. No primary focus to suggest spread from elsewhere was found. The patient was treated successfully with moxifloxacin, rifampicin, pyrazinamide and ethambutol. Isolated INH-resistant intracranial tuberculoma is rare in adults. It can mimic other intracranial masses and should be kept in mind, especially in populations with a high risk of tuberculosis. Clinical use of moxifloxacin in INH-resistant tuberculomas is limited in humans and this case demonstrates that moxifloxacin may be an effective alternative treatment.

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2011-10-01
2019-10-21
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