1887

Abstract

A single subcutaneous (s.c.) infection with 1×10 c.f.u. GAS472, a group A streptococcus (GAS) serotype M1 strain isolated from the blood of a patient suffering from streptococcal toxic shock syndrome, led to severe damage of striated muscle layers in the feet of mast cell (MC)-deficient WBB6F- () mice 72 h after infection. In contrast, no damage was recognized in striated muscle layers in the feet of the control WBB6F- (+/+) mice 72 h after infection. In addition, adoptively transferred MCs reduced progressive tissue necrosis of the feet of mice after infection. However, there was no significant difference in the mortality rates between the and +/+ mice, or between the human CD46-expressing transgenic (Tg) mouse bone marrow-derived cultured MC-reconstituted and non-Tg mouse bone marrow-derived cultured MC-reconstituted mice after infection. Consequently, although MCs can help to reduce the severity of necrosis of the feet caused by s.c. infection with GAS472, such reduction of tissue necrosis scarcely improves the mortality rates of these mice. Moreover, human CD46 does not play a crucial role in the MC-mediated innate immune defence against GAS infection.

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2011-01-01
2019-10-23
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