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Abstract

Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease caused by pathogenic spirochetes of species. It is a public health issue in the tropics, including Okinawa, the southernmost prefecture of Japan. This study reports the first isolation of serogroup Sejroe from two human patients in Japan, and describes its molecular characterization using multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA). MLST on the two isolates, 168036 and 178129, showed that in 178129 is a novel allele, and that both isolates constitute novel sequence types (STs); ST286 for 168036 and ST287 for 178129. A minimum spanning tree based on seven alleles of indicates that both isolates are genetically close, but are distinct from known serogroup Sejroe strains. MLVA using 11 loci demonstrated that seven of the 11 loci were identical between the two isolates, whereas the identity between the isolates and the seven reference strains of serogroup Sejroe was zero to three loci. These results indicate that the isolates investigated in this study have novel genotypes, and are genetically closest to each other among the known serogroup Sejroe strains.

Funding
This study was supported by the:
  • , Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development, http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/100009619, (Award 19fk0108049j1903)
  • , Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development, http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/100009619, (Award 18fk0108049j1902)
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2020-02-19
2020-06-03
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