1887

Abstract

The role of penetration limitation in biofilm-associated antifungal resistance remains unclear. Most of the previous work has been done on , although non- (NAC) species are also implicated in invasive candidiasis and the biofilm matrix has been shown to vary amongst different species. Only a few studies have evaluated clinical isolates. This study aimed to determine the relevance of penetration limitation in the antifungal resistance of biofilms formed by and NAC clinical isolates, using an agar disk diffusion assay. The penetration of posaconazole and amphotericin B through the biofilms was significantly reduced. Fluconazole, voriconazole and caspofungin showed a superior penetration capacity in , and biofilms, but exhibited inter-species and strain/isolate variation. biofilms were the most resilient to antifungal permeation. All of the antifungal drugs failed to kill the biofilm cells, independent of penetration, suggesting that the other factors contribute markedly to the recalcitrance of the biofilms.

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2018-07-01
2020-01-23
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