1887

Abstract

Staphylococcus aureus is a major pathogen in both hospital and community settings, causing infections ranging from mild skin and wound infections to life-threatening systemic illness. Gene expression changes due to the stringent response have been studied in S. aureus using lethal concentrations of mupirocin, but no studies have investigated the effects of sub-lethal concentrations. S. aureus 8325-4 was exposed to sub-inhibitory concentrations of mupirocin. The production of ppGpp was assessed via HPLC and the effects on global transcription were studied by RNAseq (RNA sequencing) analysis. Growth inhibition had occurred after 1 h of treatment and metabolic analysis revealed that the stringent response alarmone ppGpp was present and GTP concentrations decreased. Transcriptome profiles showed that global transcriptional alterations were similar to those for S. aureus after treatment with lethal concentrations of mupirocin, including the repression of genes involved in transcription, translation and replication machineries. Furthermore, up-regulation of genes involved in stress responses, and amino acid biosynthesis and transport, as well as some virulence factor genes, was observed. However, ppGpp was not detectable after 12 or 24 h and cell growth had resumed, although some transcriptional changes remained. Sub-lethal concentrations of mupirocin induce the stringent response, but cells adapt and resume growth once ppGpp levels decrease.

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2016-08-01
2019-10-16
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