1887

Abstract

Summary

The nasal carrier-rate of in 548 Nigerians aged 9–32 years and attending various educational establishments was 56·4%. This rate decreased with increasing age. A significantly greater proportion of females (65·0%) than males (46·5%) were carriers, but the excess in females was apparent only in subjects aged >20 years. Mucoid strains of , which gave a negative slide-coagulase reaction, were found in 21·5% of carriers aged 10–15 years, but were absent from members of other age-groups. A considerable proportion of all the strains tested were resistant to commonly used antibiotics.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/00222615-19-2-211
1985-04-01
2022-01-26
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/jmm/19/2/medmicro-19-2-211.html?itemId=/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/00222615-19-2-211&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Bailey W R, Scott E G. 1970; Diagnostic microbiology. , 3. C.B. Mosby, St Louis, MS289–304
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Bulger R J, Sherris J C. 1968; Decreased incidence of antibiotic resistance among Staphylococcus aureus A study in a university hospital over a 9 year period. Annals of Internal Medicine 69:1099–1108
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Cadness-Graves B, Williams R, Harper G J, Miles A A. 1943; Slide-test for coagulase-positive staphylococci. Lancet 1:736–738
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Cameron A S. 1970; Staphylococcal epidemiology in Antartica. Journal of Hygiene 68:43–52
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Cruickshank R. 1953; The epidemiology of some skin infections. British MedicalJournal 1:55–59
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Daniel S O. 1977; An epidemiological study of nosocomial infections at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital. Public Health, London 91:13–18
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Findlay G M, Abrahams C. 1946; Incidence of staphylococci in the nose and on the skin of Africans and Europeans in West Africa. Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps 87:272–274
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Lowbury E J L, Ayliffe G A J. 1974; Drug resistance in antimicrobial therapy. Charles Thomas, Springfield;51–90
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Millian S J, Baldwin J N, Rheins M S, Weiser H H. 1960; Studies on the incidence of coagulase-positive Staphylococci in a normal unconfined population. American Journal of Public Health 50:791–798
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Noble W C. 1974; Carriage of Staphylococcus aureus and beta-haemolytic streptococci in relation to race. Acta Dermatovenereologica (Stockholm) 54:403–405
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Noble W C, Valkenburg H A, Wolters C H L. 1967; Carriage of Staphylococcus aureus in random samples of a normal population. Journal of Hygiene 65:567–573
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Paul M O, Aderibigbe D A, Sule C Z, Lamikanra A. 1982b; Antimicrobial sensitivity patterns of hospital and non-hospital strains of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from nasal carriers. Journal of Hygiene 89:253–260
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Paul M O, Lamikanra A, Aderibigbe D A. 1982a; Nasal carriers of coagulase-positive staphylococci in a Nigerian hospital community. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 76:319–323
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Rountree P M. 1956; Staphylococci harboured by people in Western Highlands of New Guinea. Lancet 1:719–720
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Stokes E J. 1975; Clinical bacteriology. , 4. Edward Arnold; London:208–238
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Weinstein H J. 1959; The relation between the nasal-staphylococcal-carrier state and the incidence of post-operative complications. New England Journal of Medicine 260:1303–1308
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Williams R E O. 1963; Healthy carriage of Staphylococcus aureus: its prevalence and importance. Bacteriological Reviews 27:56–71
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Williams R E O, Harper G J. 1946; Determination of coagulase and alpha-haemolysin production by staphylococci. British Journal of Experimental Pathology 27:72–81
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Williams R E O, Jevons M P, Shooter R A, Hunter C J W, Girling J A, Griffiths J D, Taylor G W. 1959; Nasal staphylococci and sepsis in hospital patients. British Medical Journal 2:658–662
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/00222615-19-2-211
Loading
/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/00222615-19-2-211
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error