SUMMARY. We examined the susceptibility of various anaerobes to four beta-lactamase susceptible (ampicillin, amoxycillin, cyclacillin, and penicillin G) and two beta-lactamase resistant (moxalactam, and N-F-thienamycin) beta-lactam antibiotics and measured beta-lactamase production. Members of the groups were most resistant to the six antibiotics. N-F-thienamycin was the most effective antimicrobial agent against all the test strains, moxalactam the next most effective, and penicillin G the least. Beta-lactamase production was mainly confined to species. Cephalosporinase was the most common beta-lactamase produced; penicillinase was detected less often. About two thirds of the penicillin-resistant isolates produced cephalosporinase. N-F-thienamycin and moxalactam were the most active agents against those anaerobes that were resistant to many beta-lactam antibiotics.


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