An animal model of experimental gastric infection has been developed in the Z strain of (Mastomys) ; this animal has been reported to develop gastric carcinoids and adenocarcinoma spontaneously. In the present study, male and female Mastomys were killed at 1, 2, 4, 8 and 16 weeks after inoculation. Colonisation of was maintained in the stomachs of all animals for up to 16 weeks. were mainly found in the antrum. Lymphoid infiltration appeared in the antral lamina propria and submucosa in all male and female animals from 4 to 16 weeks after inoculation. On microscopic examination after immunostaining for , the organisms were detected in the antral mucus layer of the gastric epithelium. Serum immunoglobulin G specific for could be detected 2 weeks after inoculation in female and 4 weeks after inoculation in male Mastomys, and persisted throughout the 16-week study period. At 18 months after inoculation, positive rates for male and female Mastomys were 15 of 21 and 7 of 27, respectively. Carcinoids developed in 27 of 100 inoculated and in 49 of 100 uninoculated male, and in 5 of 100 inoculated and in 21 of 100 uninoculated female animals at 18 months after inoculation. Adenocarcinoma developed in 1 of 100 male Mastomys in both the inoculated and uninoculated groups, but in none of the female animals in either the inoculated or uninoculated groups. These results indicate that antrum-predominant colonisation by caused the decrease in incidence of carcinoid formation in Mastomys.


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