As part of a series of longitudinal studies on the development of the indigenous microflora of the upper respiratory tract, the establishment of streptococci in the oral cavity and nasopharynx and IgA1 protease production by the early streptococcal flora was examined in 50 healthy Caucasian infants at the ages of 2, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months. In the oral cavity, streptococci were found in all infants on every sampling occasion, biovar 1 being the main finding in each age group. and biovar 2 reached their highest prevalence during the first year of life, whereas the prevalence of and showed no significant increase before 12 months of age. Salivary streptococci mainly consisted of the above-mentioned species during the follow-up period. In contrast to the oral cavity, no stable colonisation pattern was observed for viridans streptococci in the nasopharynx. biovar 1 and , a traditional respiratory pathogen, were the principal streptococcal species among nasopharyngeal isolates. IgA1 protease production by early streptococci was common in infancy. Among the oral streptococcal microflora, biovar 1 (especially during the first year of life) and and constituted the main species responsible for this enzyme activity. In the nasopharynx, IgA1 protease was produced by biovar 1, and . In conclusion, streptococcal colonisation differs in these two close habitats in the upper respiratory tract.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error