1887

Abstract

Envelopment of (SV) at the plasma membrane begins with the interaction of the E2 glycoprotein endodomain with a hydrophobic cleft in the surface of the pre-assembled nucleocapsid. The driving force for this budding event is thought to reside in this virus type-specific association at the surface of the cell. The specific amino acids involved in this interaction have not been identified; however, it has been proposed that a conserved motif (TPY) at aa 398–400 in the E2 tail plays a critical role in this interaction. This interaction has been examined with virus containing mutations at two positions in this conserved domain, T398A and Y400N. The viruses produced have very low infectivity (as determined by particle : p.f.u. ratios); however, there appears to be no defect in assembly, as the virus has wild-type density and electron microscopy shows assembled particles with no obvious aberrant structural changes. The loss of infectivity in the double mutant is accompanied by the loss of the ability to fuse cells after brief exposure to acid pH. These data support the idea that these residues are vital for production of infectious/functional virus; however, they are dispensable for assembly. These results, combined with other published observations, expand our understanding of the interaction of the E2 endodomain with the capsid protein.

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2006-03-01
2019-11-22
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