1887

Abstract

The TATA-box-binding protein (TBP) plays a key role in initiating eukaryotic transcription and is used by many viruses for viral transcription. We previously reported increased TBP levels during infection with the baculovirus multicapsid nuclear polyhedrovirus (AcMNPV). The TBP antiserum used in that study, however, cross-reacted with a baculoviral protein. Here, we reported that increased amounts of nuclear TBP were detected upon infection of and TN-368 cells with a TBP-specific antiserum. TBP levels increased until 72 h post-infection (p.i.), whilst transcripts decreased by 16 h p.i., which suggested a virus-induced influence on the TBP protein levels. To address a potential modification of the TBP degradation pathway during infection, we investigated the possible role of viral ubiquitin. Infection studies with AcMNPV recombinants carrying a mutated viral ubiquitin gene revealed that the TBP increase during infection was not altered. In addition, pulse–chase experiments indicated a high TBP half-life of ~60 h in uninfected cells, suggesting that a virus-induced increase of TBP stability was unlikely. This increase in TBP correlated with a redistribution to nuclear domains resembling sites of viral DNA synthesis. Furthermore, we observed colocalization of TBP with host RNA polymerase (RNAP) II, but only until 8 h p.i., whilst TBP, but not RNAPII, was present in the enlarged replication domains late during infection. Thus, we suggested that AcMNPV adapted a mechanism to accumulate the highly stable cellular TBP at sites of viral DNA replication and transcription.

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2014-06-01
2019-10-23
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