The focus of this research was to compare the binding profiles of human papillomavirus (HPV) 11, 16, 18 and 45 virus-like particles (VLPs) to HaCaT cells and to the extracellular matrix (ECM) secreted by these cells. All four HPV types tested bind to a component(s) of the ECM. HPV11 VLP binding is blocked when the ECM is pretreated with an anti-laminin 5 (LN5) polyclonal antibody. A series of treatments utilizing heparins and heparinase revealed that HPV18 VLPs are dependent on heparan sulfates (HS) for binding to cells and ECM. HPV16 and HPV45 VLPs are dependent on HS for binding to HaCaT cells and dependent on both HS and LN5 for binding to ECM. These studies emphasize the need to study the binding characteristics of different HPV types before applying universal binding principles to all papillomaviruses.


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