Solinviviridae is a family of picorna/calici-like viruses with non-segmented, linear, positive-sense RNA genomes of approximately 10–11 kb. Unusually, their capsid proteins are encoded towards the 3′-end of the genome where they can be expressed both from a subgenomic RNA and as an extension of the replication (picorna-like helicase–protease–polymerase) polyprotein. Members of two species within the family infect ants, but related unclassified virus sequences derive from a large variety of insects and other arthropods. This is a summary of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) Report on the Solinviviridae, which is available at www.ictv.global/report/solinviviridae.

  • This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...



  1. Valles SM, Hashimoto Y. Isolation and characterization of Solenopsis invicta virus 3, a new positive-strand RNA virus infecting the red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta. Virology 2009; 388:354–361 [View Article][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Valles SM, Oi DH, Becnel JJ, Wetterer JK, Lapolla JS et al. Isolation and characterization of Nylanderia fulva virus 1, a positive-sense, single-stranded RNA virus infecting the tawny crazy ant, Nylanderia fulva. Virology 2016; 496:244–254 [View Article][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Scotti PD, Gibbs AJ, Wrigley NG. Kelp fly virus. J Gen Virol 1976; 30:1–9 [View Article]
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Hartley CJ, Greenwood DR, Gilbert RJ, Masoumi A, Gordon KH et al. Kelp fly virus: a novel group of insect picorna-like viruses as defined by genome sequence analysis and a distinctive virion structure. J Virol 2005; 79:13385–13398 [View Article][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Valles SM, Bell S, Firth AE. Solenopsis invicta virus 3: mapping of structural proteins, ribosomal frameshifting, and similarities to Acyrthosiphon pisum virus and Kelp fly virus. PLoS One 2014; 9:e93497 [View Article][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Shi M, Lin XD, Tian JH, Chen LJ, Chen X et al. Redefining the invertebrate RNA virosphere. Nature 2016; 540:539–543 [View Article][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error