1887

Abstract

SP100 proteins are components of nuclear domain 10 structures and have been implicated as inhibitors of human papillomavirus (HPV) replication. In this study, we have addressed the role of SP100 in tumour formation by the cottontail rabbit () papillomavirus (CRPV or SfPV1) in a rabbit model. Tissue culture studies using rabbit keratinocyte lines indicated that rabbit SP100 is an interferon-beta-inducible gene similar to its human counterpart. Stable knockdown of SP100 by shRNA in a cell line harbouring CRPV genomes resulted in a decrease of viral early transcripts. In contrast, infection of domestic rabbits with recombinant CRPV genomes expressing short hairpin (sh)RNAs directed against SP100 did not reveal changes in tumour formation rate, tumour size or early viral transcript levels. However, late viral transcript levels and viral genome copies were consistently lower in CRPV/shSP100-induced tumours than in the control, but these differences did not reach statistical significance. In summary, this study suggests that rabbit SP100 is not an inhibitor but an activator of CRPV replication and transcription.

Keyword(s): papillomavirus , SfPV1 , shRNA , SP100 and transcription
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2018-03-01
2019-12-14
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