1887

Abstract

Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) are multifaceted regulators involved in the replication of human cytomegalovirus. Recently, we demonstrated an interaction of CDK9–cyclin T1 as well as viral CDK orthologue pUL97 with the viral regulator pUL69, thereby leading to pUL69-activating phosphorylation. Here, we demonstrate that colocalization and direct pUL69–cyclin T1 interaction is independent of viral strains and host cell types. phosphorylation of pUL69 by CDK9 or pUL97 did not occur in a single site-specific manner, but at multiple sites. The previously described fine-speckled nuclear aggregation of pUL69 was assigned to the late phase of viral replication. CDK inhibitors, including a novel inhibitor of the CDK-activating kinase CDK7, massively intensified this fine-speckled accumulation. Interestingly, we also observed spontaneous pUL69 accumulation in the absence of inhibitors at a lower frequency. These findings provide new insight into pUL69 kinase interregulation and emphasize the importance of pUL69 phosphorylation for correct intranuclear localization.

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2016-01-01
2019-10-23
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