Persistent infection by hepatitis B virus (HBV) correlates with the prevalence of hepatocellular carcinoma. It has recently been demonstrated that the complete viral genome very efficiently transforms the immortalized murine hepatocyte line FMH202 in vitro. Here it is shown that the viral transactivating protein X (HBx) is sufficient to transform FMH202 cells, albeit with lower efficiency. Clonal cell lines expressing HBx mRNA in moderate or high amounts grew in soft agar and formed tumours in nude mice. Growth efficiency in soft agar of HBx transformed cell lines was much lower than that of cell lines transformed with the complete genome, and latency of tumour induction in nude mice was significantly longer after inoculation of HBx than of HBV transformed FMH202 cell lines. A marker of complete transformation, p53, was found to be phosphorylated more strongly in HBx transfected cell lines than in controls, and a cellular kinase was found to be associated with p53 complexes from HBx transformed cell lines. p53 was of wild-type conformation and was located in the nucleus of transformed cells.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error