We have investigated the state of feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) transcription in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of chronically FIV-infected, asymptomatic cats. FIV was detected in a high percentage of PBMC but not in the plasma of these cats. By quantitative reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) analysis, FIV transcriptional status in the PBMC was characterized by extremely low or undetectable levels of unspliced or singly spliced mRNAs and predominantly multiply spliced mRNAs. Upon stimulation , however, the larger mRNA species and infectious virus production were rapidly induced in the PBMC. Furthermore, we demonstrated that viral production was induced in association with differential increases in the levels of each multiply spliced mRNA coding for FIV regulatory proteins. From these results, we suggest that replication of FIV is blocked at an early stage of gene expression , as described in asymptomatic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) -infected patients, and that FIV infection in cats may be a useful model for clinical latency of HIV infection in man. Moreover, we propose that the replication of FIV may be controlled by the differential expression of each multiply spliced mRNA.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error