1887

Abstract

The nucleotide sequence of the genome of erysimum latent tymovirus (ELV) has been determined. It closely resembles those of the other four sequenced tymoviral genomes in its gene organization and composition, but is the smallest (6034 nucleotides) and most distinct of them. Furthermore the 78 non-coding nucleotides at the 3′ terminus of the ELV genome are unable to form a complete tRNA-like structure like that reported for other tymoviruses. Comparisons of the five tymovirus genomes and their encoded proteins indicate that they have probably evolved from the progenitor tymovirus by independent progressive mutational change without genetic recombination. Comparisons of the sequences of the two non-virion proteins of five tymoviruses, and virion proteins of 17 tymoviruses, revealed no specific similarities between those of ELV and turnip yellow mosaic virus that could explain why their host ranges and symptoms are so similar, yet differ, in this respect, from ononis yellow mosaic, kennedya yellow mosaic and eggplant mosaic tymoviruses.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-73-6-1437
1992-06-01
2022-07-07
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/jgv/73/6/JV0730061437.html?itemId=/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-73-6-1437&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Ahlquist P., Janda M. 1984; cDNA cloning and in vitro transcription of the complete brome mosaic virus genome. Molecular and Cellular Biology 4:2876–2882
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Ahlquist P., Dasgupta R., Kaesberg P. 1984; Nucleotide sequence of the brome mosaic virus genome and its implications for viral replication. Journal of Molecular Biology 172:369–383
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bonnet J., Ebel J. P., Dirheimer G., Shershneva L. P. 1974; The corrected nucleotide sequence of valine tRNA from baker’s yeast. Biochimie 561211–1213
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Both G. W., Air G. M. 1979; Nucleotide sequence coding for the N-terminal region of the matrix protein of influenza virus. European Journal of Biochemistry 96:363–372
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Bujarski J. J., Ahlquist P., Hall T. C., Dreher T. W., Kaesberg P. 1986; Modulation of replication, aminocylation, and adenylation in vitro and infectivity in vivo of BMV RNAs containing deletions within the multifunctional 3′ end. EMBO Journal 5:1769–1774
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Candresse T., Morch M. D., Dunez J. 1990; Multiple alignment and hierarchical clustering of conserved amino acid sequences in the replication-associated proteins of plant RNA viruses. Research in Virology 141:315–329
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Dayhoff M. O., Schwartz R. M., Chen H. R., Orcutt B. C. 1978; A model of evolutionary change in proteins. In Atlas of Protein Sequence and Structure vol 5 supplement 3 Edited by Dayhoff M. O. Washington, D.C.: National Biomedical Research Foundation;
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Ding S., Keese P., Gibbs A. 1989; Nucleotide sequence of the genome of ononis yellow mosaic tymovirus. Virology 172:555–563
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Ding S., Howe J., Keese P., Mackenzie A., Meek D., Osorio-Keese M., Skotnicki M., Srifah P., Torronen M., Gibbs A. 1990a; Nucleotide sequence of the virion protein gene of belladonna mottle tymovirus. Nucleic Acids Research 18:1181–1187
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Ding S., Howe J., Keese P., Mackenzie A., Skotnicki M., Gibbs A. 1990b; Nucleotide sequence of the virion protein gene of belladonna mottle tymovirus. Nucleic Acids Research 18:6138
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Ding S., Keese P., Gibbs A. 1990c; The nucleotide sequence of the genomic RNA of kennedya yellow mosaic tymovirus-Jervis Bay isolate: relationships with potex- and carlaviruses. Journal of General Virology 71:925–931
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Ding S., Mackenzie A., Torronen M., Gibbs A. 1990d; Nucleotide sequence of the virion protein gene of cacao yellow mosaic tymovirus. Nucleic Acids Research 19:5886
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Dreher T. W., Hall T. C. 1988a; RNA replication of brome mosaic virus and related viruses. In RNA Genetics vol 1 pp 91–113 Edited by Domingo E., Holland J. J., Ahlquist P. Boca Raton: CRC Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Dreher T. W., Hall T. C. 1988b; Mutational analysis of the tRNA mimicry of brome mosaic virus RNA: sequence and structural requirements for aminoacylation and 3′ adenylation. Journal of Molecular Biology 201:41–55
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Feng D. F., Doolittle R. F. 1987; Progressive sequence alignment as a prerequisite to correct phylogenetic trees. Journal of Molecular Evolution 25:351–360
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Feng D. F., Johnson M. S., Doolittle R. F. 1985; Aligning amino acid sequences: comparison of commonly used methods. Journal of Molecular Evolution 21:112–125
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Forman M. A., Dush M. K., Martin G. R. 1988; Rapid production of full-length cDNAs from rare transcripts: amplification using a single gene-specific oligonucleotide primer. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, U.S.A. 85:8998–9002
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Gibbs A. J., Hecht-Poinar E., Woods R. D., McKee R. K. 1966; Some properties of three related viruses: Andean potato latent, dulcamara mottle and ononis yellow mosaic. Journal of General Microbiology 44:177–193
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Gorbalenya A. E., Blinov V. M., Donchenko A. P., Koonin E. V. 1989a; An NTP-binding motif is the most conserved sequence in a highly diverged monophylogenetic group of proteins involved in a positive strand RNA viral replication. Journal of Molecular Evolution 28:256–268
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Gorbalenya A. E., Blinov V. M., Donchenko A. P., Koonin E. V. 1989b; Two related superfamilies of putative helicases involved in replication, recombination, repair and expression of DNA and RNA genomes. Nucleic Acids Research 17:4713–4730
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Gough K. H., Lilley G. G., Shukla D. D., Woods E. F. 1982; Some physicochemical properties of erysimum latent virus. Australian Journal of Biological Sciences 35:5–11
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Gubler U., Hoffman B. J. 1983; A simple and very efficient method for generating cDNA libraries. Genes 25:263–269
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Gupta K., Kingsbury D. 1984; Complete sequences of the intergenic and mRNA start signals in the Sendai virus genome: homologies with the genome of vesicular stomatitis virus. Nucleic Acids Research 12:3829–3841
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Guy P. L., Dale J. L., Adena M. A., Gibbs A. 1984; A taxonomic study of the host ranges of tymoviruses. Plant Pathology 33:337–346
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Hall T. C. 1979; Transfer RNA-like structures in viral genomes. International Review of Cytology 60:1–26
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Keese P., Mackenzie A., Gibbs A. 1989; Nucleotide sequence of an Australian isolate of turnip yellow mosaic tymovirus. Virology 172:536–546
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Klein C., Fritsch C., Briand J. P., Richards K. E., Jonard G., Hirth L. 1976; Physical and functional heterogeneity in TYMV RNA: evidence for the existence of an independent messenger coding for the coat protein. Nucleic Acids Research 3:3043–3061
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Koonin E. V. 1991; The phylogeny of RNA-dependent RNA polymerases of positive-strand RNA viruses. Journal of General Virology 72:2197–2206
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Mi S., Durbin R., Huang H. R., Rice C. M., Stollar V. 1989; Association of the Sindbis virus RNA methyltransferase activity with the nonstructural protein nsPl. Virology 170:385–391
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Miller W. A., Dreher T. W., Hall T. C. 1985; Synthesis of brome mosaic virus subgenomic RNA in vitro by internal initiation on (–)-sense genomic RNA. Nature, London 313:68–70
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Morch M. D., Boyer J. C., Haenni A.-L. 1988; Overlapping open reading frames revealed by complete nucleotide sequencing of turnip yellow mosaic virus genomic RNA. Nucleic Acids Research 16:6157–6173
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Osorio-Keese M. E., Keese P., Gibbs A. 1989; Nucleotide sequence of eggplant mosaic tymovirus genome. Virology 172:547–554
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Pleu C. W. A., Needleman A., van Vloten-Doting L., Bosch L. 1976; Translation of turnip yellow mosaic virus RNA in vitro’, a closed and open coat protein cistron. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, U.S.A. 73:4437–4441
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Rietveld K., van Poelgeest R., Pleu C. W. A., van Bloom J. H., Bosch L. 1982; The tRNA-like structure at the 3′ terminus of turnip yellow mosaic virus RNA. Differences and similarities with canonical tRNA. Nucleic Acids Research 10:1929–1946
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Rozanov M. N., Morozov S. Y., Skryabin K. G. 1990; Unexpected close relationship between the large non-virion proteins of filamentous potexviruses and spherical tymoviruses. Genes 3:373–379
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Saito N., Nei M. 1987; The neighbour-joining method: a new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees.. Molecular Biology and Evolution 4:406–425
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Salomon R., Sela I., Soreq H., Giveon D., Littauer U. Z. 1976; Enzymatic acylation of histidine to tobacco mosaic virus RNA. Virology 71:74–84
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Sanger F., Coulson A. R., Barrell B. G., Smith A. J. H., Roe B. A. 1980; Cloning in a single-stranded bacteriophage as an aid to rapid DNA sequencing. Journal of Molecular Biology 143:161–178
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Shukla D. D., Gough K. H. 1980; Erysimum latent virus. CMfAAB Descriptions of Plant viruses no. 222
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Shukla D. D., Schmelzer K. 1972; Studies on viruses and virus diseases of cruciferous plants. IV. The previously undescribed erysimum latent virus. Acta phytopathologica academiae scientiarum Hungaricae 7:157–167
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Shukla D. D., Proll E., Schmelzer K., Schmidt H. B. 1973; Studies on viruses and virus diseases of cruciferous plants. VIII. Purification, properties and serology of erysimum latent virus. Acta phytopathologica academiae scientiarum Hungaricae 8:91–103
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Shukla D. D., Koenig R., Gough K. H., Huth W., Lesemann D.-E. 1980; Erysimum latent virus - further characterization as a tymovirus. Phytopathology 70:382–384
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Srifah P., Keese P., Shukla D. D., Gibbs A. 1990; The primary structure of the virion protein gene and encoded protein of erysimum latent tymovirus. Journal of General Virology 71:3085–3088
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Studier J. A., Keppler K. L. 1988; A note on neighbour joining algorithm of Saito and Nei. Molecular Biology and Evolution 5:729–731
    [Google Scholar]
  45. van Belkum A., Verlaan P., Jiang B., Pleu C., Bosch L. 1987; Temperature dependent chemical and enzymatic probing of the tRNA-like structure of TYMV RNA. Nucleic Acids Research 16:1931–1950
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Young D. J., Watson L. 1970; The classification of dicotyledons: a study of the upper levels of the hierarchy. Australian Journal of Botany 18:387–133
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Zuker M., Steigler P. 1981; Optimal computer folding of large RNA sequences using thermodynamics and auxiliary information. Nucleic Acids Research 9:133–148
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-73-6-1437
Loading
/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-73-6-1437
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error