Interference between arboviruses in a naturally infected tick vector is reported for the first time. nymphs were dually infected with Thogoto (THO) virus, a tick-borne virus, similar to members of the family Orthomyxoviridae. In the first series of experiments examining ‘inter-stadial’ interference, larvae were orally infected with a temperature-sensitive () mutant, and after moulting the nymphs were superinfected with the wild-type () virus. In the second series of experiments examining ‘intra-stadial’ interference, nymphs were dually infected by interrupted feeding; the time interval between infective feeds was either shorter than 24 h or lasted for 10 days. Interference was demonstrated by the inability of virus to replicate in ticks previously infected with virus. Both inter- and intra-stadial interference were observed and complete interference was detected in 78% of dually infected nymphs. A pool of dually infected ticks, in which intra-stadial interference had been detected, failed to transmit the superinfecting virus after moulting.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error