1887

Abstract

Summary

The M variant of encephalomyocarditis (EMC) virus consists of two biologically distinct variants: one, diabetogenic D variant (EMC-D) and the other, non-diabetogenic B variant (EMC-B). These two variants cannot be distinguished by hyperimmune sera. Monoclonal antibodies were generated against EMC-D or EMC-B to identify antigenic differences between these two variants. Fourteen independent hybrid cell lines, selected from seven separate fusions of mouse myeloma cells to spleen cells isolated from mice immunized with EMC-D, consisted of 12 hybrids which produced monoclonal antibodies that neutralized both EMC-D and EMC-B, and two hybrids (ED-HJ-23 and ED-HJ-31) which produced monoclonal antibodies that neutralized EMC-D but not EMC-B. Similarly, 16 independent hybrid cell lines, selected from eight separate fusions using spleen cells prepared from mice immunized with EMC-B, consisted of 15 hybrids which produced monoclonal antibodies neutralizing both EMC-D and EMC-B, and one hybrid (EB-48A-F1) which produced antibody that neutralized EMC-B, but not EMC-D. The specificities of these monoclonal antibodies (ED-HJ-23, ED-HJ-31, EB-48A-F1) were further confirmed using an immunofluorescent technique. The D variant-specific monoclonal antibodies reacted with cells infected with EMC-D but not EMC-B. In contrast, the B variant-specific monoclonal antibody reacted with the cells infected with EMC-B but not EMC-D. It is concluded that the EMC-D- and EMC-B-specific monoclonal antibodies are able to identify antigenic differences between diabetogenic and non-diabetogenic variants of EMC virus which cannot be distinguished by hyperimmune sera.

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/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-69-5-1085
1988-05-01
2019-11-12
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http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-69-5-1085
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