1887

Abstract

SUMMARY

Local administration of nucleoprotein purified from X31 (H3N2) influenza A virus primed for A virus cross-reactive cytotoxic T cells and resulted in substantial protection (75 %) of mice from a lethal challenge with the heterologous mouse-adapted A/PR/8/34 (H1N1) virus. By following the course of a lethal virus challenge we found that nucleoprotein priming did not prevent virus infection but rather aided recovery. Nucleoprotein-primed mice suffered initial symptoms of infection, i.e. weight loss and surface temperature changes, but started to recover after approximately 7 days. We suggest that such heterotypic protection can be attributed to priming of A virus crossreactive cytotoxic T cells.

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1987-02-01
2022-06-29
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