The role of antiviral antibody in controlling the acute and latent phases of herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection in sensory ganglia of mice was studied and . Organ cultures of ganglia inoculated with HSV produced infectious virus for at least 3 weeks. In the presence of antiviral antibody, the titre of virus was markedly reduced, but the infection was not eliminated. Similarly, passive administration of antibody to HSV-infected immunodeficient (nude) mice reduced the virus titre but did not eliminate the acute phase of the ganglionic infection. Suppression of the cell-mediated immune response in latently infected immunocompetent mice by treatment with cyclophosphamide and/or X-irradiation resulted in reactivation of HSV in up to 70% of the animals. Reactivation was demonstrated by recovering infectious virus in cell-free homogenates of ganglia and eye globes and by finding virus antigens in ganglia by immunofluorescent staining. Reactivation occurred both and in the presence of high concentrations of neutralizing antibody. It is concluded that antibody alone is not sufficient to eliminate the acute phase of the ganglionic infection and that cytotoxic agents known to suppress the host's cellular immune response can reactivate virus in the presence of neutralizing antibody.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error