Liver abscess carries significant morbidity and mortality rate due to its complications. We aimed to identify laboratory markers associated with septic shock related to pyogenic liver abscess.


The study was conducted at Hamad General Hospital, a tertiary hospital in Qatar. Data were collected retrospectively. All patients diagnosed with pyogenic liver abscess between 2013 and 2017 were included. Liver abscess was diagnosed based on clinical presentation and radiological finding with or without microbiological evidence. Septic shock defined as the need of vasopressors to maintain mean arterial pressure > 60 mmHg. Data has been collected on admission time. Descriptive data were presented in mean ± SD and percentages. Normally distributed data were analyzed by T-test otherwise Mann–Whitney was used.Fisher Exact test was used for categorical data. The level of significance was set at P<0.05.


Pyogenic liver abscess has been identified in 78 patients. 89.9% were males. 48.7% of the patients were diabetic. Nine patients (11.5%) developed septic shock. Patients who developed septic shock had higher procalcitonin level (Hazard ratio [HR] 1.025, 95% CI 1.006-1.044, p0.009) but lower level of hemoglobin (HR 0.744, 95% CI 0.581-0.952, P. 0.019), protein(HR 0.867, 95% CI 0.779-0.966, p 0.009) and platelet (HR 0.994, 95% CI 0.988-1.000, p 0.035)


Measurement of baseline procalcitonin, hemoglobin, protein, and platelet in pyogenic liver abscess may provide early information about the severity of the infection and the need for early aggressive management. However, a larger sample size is needed to achieve more statistical significance.

  • This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.

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