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Abstract

Background:

IAC is the second most common type of invasive Candidiasis, but its pathogenesis is poorly understood. We have shown that DNA damage response genes are strongly induced within intra-abdominal abscesses. Deletion of MSH2, A DNA mismatch repair (MMR) gene, results in a mutator phenotype that facilitates multidrug resistance in vitro and in mouse gastrointestinal tracts. Our goal was to determine if CGMSH2 Contributed to pathogenesis or resistance to the new antifungal rezafungin during IAC.

Methods:

We createdΔMSH2 in BG2 using SAT-Flipper, and tested virulence and rezafungin responses in a mouse model of IAC.

Results:

ΔMSH2 displayed no growth defects at 30°C in liquid (YPD, Ypglycerol) or solid media (YPD+0.02% MMS, 1MM H2O2, 1M NACL, 20 UG/ML CW, 250 UG/ML OR 0.02% SDS). ΔMSH2 longevity in YPD was comparable to BG2. Caspofungin-, Rezafungin- and Fluconazole-resistant mutants arose 24-, 16- and 3-fold more often, respectively, for ΔMSH2 than BG2 (108-106 CFU overnight in YPD, selected on 8XMIC-Containing plates). However, respective minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICS) were not different, nor were rezafungin time-kills.ΔMSH2 was comparable to BG2 in peritonitis and abscess burdens in mouse IAC.ΔMSH2 demonstrated significantly greater caspofungin- and fluconazole-tolerance than BG2 in abscesses. Rezafungin reduced peritonitis and abscess burdens ofΔMSH2,BG2 ANDFKS mutant strains to similar extents.

Conclusions:

CgMSH2 deletionincreased the frequency of spontaneously-arising echinocandin- and fluconazole-resistant colonies in vitro and tolerance in intra-abdominal abscesses, but it did not attenuate virulence or rezafungin responses during IAC.

  • This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
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/content/journal/acmi/10.1099/acmi.cc2021.po0088
2021-12-17
2022-01-28
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